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Chapter 7. Fiscal Instruments for Climate Finance

Chapter 7. Fiscal Instruments for Climate Finance »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Developed economies have pledged to generate, from 2020, US$100 billion per yea...

Chapter 4. The Social Cost of Carbon: Valuing Carbon Reductions in Policy Analysis*

Chapter 4. The Social Cost of Carbon: Valuing Carbon Reductions in Policy Analysis* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Without action to control rising greenhouse gases (GHGs), scientists predict th...

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies*

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Low- and lower-middle-income countries contribute only about 12 percent of glob...

3 Sources of Procyclicality in East Asian Financial Systems

3 Sources of Procyclicality in East Asian Financial Systems »

Source: Procyclicality of Financial Systems in Asia

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Stefan Gerlach , and Paul Gruenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987518

Keywords: Financial systems, Asia, banking, financial system, financial stability, financial sector

1 Introduction In most countries, financial systems are procyclical. Credit to the non-financial private sector typically increases when output is expanding and contracts during rece...

Chapter 12. Singapore’s Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options

Chapter 12. Singapore’s Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Singapore has evolved from a low-to-middle-income country to a high-income country in a relatively short period. Singapore’s economic success notwithstanding, several fa...

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter presents historical trends in and long-term projections of public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. 1...

4 Procyclical Financial Behavior: What Can Be Done?

4 Procyclical Financial Behavior: What Can Be Done? »

Source: Procyclicality of Financial Systems in Asia

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Stefan Gerlach , and Paul Gruenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987518

Keywords: Financial systems, Asia, banking, financial system, financial stability, financial sector

1 Introduction The role of the financial sector in the business cycle has long been a subject of study, but has moved somewhat more to the fore in recent years. In part, the renewed...

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of governmen...

Chapter 3. The Role of the Public and Private Sectors in Ensuring Adequate Pensions: Theoretical Considerations

Chapter 3. The Role of the Public and Private Sectors in Ensuring Adequate Pensions: Theoretical Considerations »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

The Backdrop After brief discussion of background issues in the opening part of the chapter, the second section sets out the central lessons from economic theory and some of their ma...

1 Introduction

1 Introduction »

Source: Procyclicality of Financial Systems in Asia

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Stefan Gerlach , and Paul Gruenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2006

ISBN: 9781403987518

Keywords: Financial systems, Asia, banking, financial system, financial stability, financial sector

The procyclicality of financial systems has received an increasing amount of attention from policy-makers, academics and international organizations in recent years. This heightened...