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Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth

An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth »

Source: An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth

Volume/Issue: 2008/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jie Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870787

Keywords: Export-led growth, real exchange rate, productivity improvement, export growth, exchange rate, exportable sector, export sector,

The stylized fact that strong economic growth is usually accompanied with strong export growth leads many people to conclude that the export sector is the main driving force behind those episodes. The model in this...

Rising Income Inequality

Rising Income Inequality »

Source: Rising Income Inequality : Technology, or Trade and Financial Globalization?

Volume/Issue: 2008/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Subir Lall , and Florence Jaumotte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870435

Keywords: mechanisms, trade globalization, financial globalization, technological progress, FDI., tariff rate, trade liberalization, FDI,

We examine the relationship between trade and financial globalization and the rise in inequality in most countries in recent decades. We find technological progress as having a greater impact than globalization on...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration

The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration »

Source: The Elusive Gains from International Financial Integration

Volume/Issue: 2004/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451849622

Keywords: international financial integration, growth, capital scarcity, neoclassical model, financial integration, international financial, capital inflows, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Standard theoretical arguments tell us that countries with relatively little capital benefit from financial integration as foreign capital flows in and speeds up the process of income convergence. We show in a cali...

Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth

Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth »

Source: Remittances, Financial Development, and Growth

Volume/Issue: 2005/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Paola Giuliano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451862539

Keywords: financial development, growth, system GMM, impact of remittances, migration, remittance, statistics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

There has been little systematic empirical study on the relationship between remittances and growth. This paper attempts to examine this relationship. Using a newly constructed crosscountry of data series for remit...

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries

FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries »

Source: FDI Flows to Low-Income Countries : Global Drivers and Growth Implications

Volume/Issue: 2010/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201150

Keywords: FDI, Business Cycle, Low-income Countries, host country, direct investment, bilateral trade, foreign direct investment, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Growth of Open Economies, International Factor Movements And International Business,

What accounts for variations in FDI flows from advanced to developing countries? How have FDI inflows explained cross-country growth experiences? In this paper we tackle both these questions empirically for a large...

How do International Financial Flows to Developing Countries Respond to Natural Disasters?

How do International Financial Flows to Developing Countries Respond to Natural Disasters? »

Source: How do International Financial Flows to Developing Countries Respond to Natural Disasters?

Volume/Issue: 2010/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201778

Keywords: Capital Flows, Natural Disasters, Panel Vector Autoregressive Models, Developing Countries, disasters, disaster, geological disasters, climatic disasters, natural disasters, International Finance: General

This paper uses multivariate dynamic panel analysis to examine the response of international financial flows to natural disasters. The models estimated for a large sample of developing countries point to differenti...

Shifting Motives

Shifting Motives »

Source: Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...