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Fixed or Flexible?: Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Fixed or Flexible?: Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s »

Source: Fixed or Flexible : Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756923

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, exchange rates, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate arrangements

Analysts agree that “getting the exchange rate right” is essential for economic stability and growth in developing countries. Over the past two decades, many developing countries have shifted away from fixed...

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

Global growth slowed again during the second quarter of 2012 after rebounding during the first. The slowing has been observed in all regions. This synchronicity suggests an importan...

Session 2: Exchange Rate Issues - Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates*

Session 2: Exchange Rate Issues - Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction Financial globalization has been one of the most important trends in the world economy in recent decades. This process has involved sharply rising foreign asset and liab...

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

4. Special Drawing Rights

4. Special Drawing Rights »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2014

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

Special drawing rights (SDRs) were created in 1969 as an international reserve asset to supplement other reserve assets whose growth was inadequate to finance the expansion of international trade and finance...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The global economy has deteriorated further since the release of the July 2012 WEO Update, and growth projections have been marked down (Table 1.1). Downside risks are now judged to...

IV Work Programs of Other Institutions

IV Work Programs of Other Institutions »

Source: Macroprudential Indicators of Financial System Soundness

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Alfredo Leone , Mahinder Gill , and Owen Evens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2000

ISBN: 9781557758910

Keywords: financial institutions, banking, financial system, financial sector, standards

In response to the recent crises, many institutions have initiated or intensified work on developing macroprudential indicators and macroprudential analysis capabilities. A selection of these efforts is summ...

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Although specific issues confront nations at different stages of development, several issues confront all nations throughout the world. We first present the universal issues, then the ones for each stage....

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The Statistical Appendix presents historical data as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, and...

Chapter 2. Monetary Policy and the Rise of Nonbank Finance

Chapter 2. Monetary Policy and the Rise of Nonbank Finance »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2016 : Fostering Stability in a Low-Growth, Low-Rate Era

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513559582

Keywords: Economic stability, Financial stability, Global Financial Stability Report, Global Financial Stability Risks, global financial stability, corporate leverage, nonbank financing, corporate governance, investor protection

Summary The structure of financial markets has been changing considerably. Ongoing financial innovation, weakened bank balance sheets following the financial crisis, changes in busin...