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Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance

Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance »

Source: Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance

Volume/Issue: 2002/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451972788

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Poverty, Foreign aid, ODA, international public goods, exchange rate, capita income, industrial countries, real exchange, public goods

This paper highlights the macro and microeconomic challenges associated with success of the effort to mobilize 0.7 percent of GNP for official development assistance (ODA). To promote achievement of the Millennium...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers »

Source: Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2015/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Andrei Leonidov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513542928

Keywords: shocks, spillover, network, balance of payments, imports, import, trading partners, Neural Networks and Related Topics, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics

This paper proposes a method for assessing international spillovers from nominal demand shocks. It quantifies the impact of a shock in one country on all other countries. The paper concludes that the network effect...

FDI from BRICs to LICs

FDI from BRICs to LICs »

Source: FDI from BRICs to LICs : Emerging Growth Driver?

Volume/Issue: 2011/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462311309

Keywords: FDI, BRICs, low-income countries, direct investment, foreign direct investment, investors, investment climate, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Other, Economywide Country Studies: Africa, Comparative Studies of Countries

Despite the rapid increase in FDI flows to LICs, there have been relatively few studies that have specifically examined these flows. This paper attempts to partially fill the void by throwing light on one particula...

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Source: São Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2000/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451835021

Keywords: debt, central bank, deficit, budget, external debt, Sao Tome and Principe,

São Tomé and Príncipe is a small, island country with some 138,000 inhabitants; its resources are limited, and its GDP per capita is estimated at about US$295 (1998). The economy is heavily dependent on cocoa, whic...

Cotton Sector Strategies in West and Central Africa

Cotton Sector Strategies in West and Central Africa »

Source: Cotton Sector Strategies in West and Central Africa

Volume/Issue: 2002/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louis Goreux , Paul Masson , Dhaneshwar Ghura , and Ousmane Badiane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

ISBN: 9781451858648

Keywords: World Cotton Market, Cotton Subsidies, Cotton Sector Reform, West and Central Africa, cotton sector, farmers, crop, cotton production, farm, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection

Cotton production in West and Central Africa (WCA) has contributed to growth and poverty reduction. Recently, the objective of poverty alleviation has been adversely impacted by the downward pressures on world pric...

Emerging Market Heterogeneity

Emerging Market Heterogeneity »

Source: Emerging Market Heterogeneity : Insights from Cluster and Taxonomy Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2015/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhongxia Zhang , and Yuan Gao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513587622

Keywords: growth, heterogeneity, cluster analysis, taxonomy, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper studies growth patterns in Emerging Market Economies (EMs) from the perspective on clusters and taxonomies. First, it documents developments over the past five decades in EMs and uses a cluster analysis...

The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness

The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness »

Source: The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness

Volume/Issue: 2007/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , Deniz Igan , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866612

Keywords: International competitiveness, Product quality, reer, trading partners, export growth, world exports, export performance, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Technological Change: Other,

Despite the appreciation of the exchange rate, the eight Central and Eastern European countries (the CEE-8) that entered the European Union in May 2004 have achieved a decade of impressive export growth, expanding...

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries »

Source: Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463923914

Keywords: BRICs, Low-Income Countries, Panel VAR, Panel OLS, Concessionality, loan financing, bank debt, equation, dummy variable, error variance

BRICs development financing flows have increased significantly and are expected to become more prominent in the post-crisis era. We investigate the potential implications on the country-allocation of loan commitmen...

Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg

Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg »

Source: Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg : Do Trade Patterns Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2012/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502251

Keywords: Basket peg, hard peg, exchange rate volatility, WAEMU, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, trading partners, nominal effective exchange rate, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper assesses the role of trade patterns in shaping the volatility of the effective exchange rate under two alternative peg regimes: a hard peg to a single currency and a peg to a basket of currencies. I link...