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Bank activity: Clausen assumes presidency of Bank; China to develop science and engineering education system with Bank and IDA assistance; Colombia receives help for power and irrigation sectors. Bank loans and IDA credits

Bank activity: Clausen assumes presidency of Bank; China to develop science and engineering education system with Bank and IDA assistance; Colombia receives help for power and irrigation sectors. Bank loans and IDA credits »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1981

Volume/Issue: 18/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616353469

Keywords: development banking, banking, drainage, irrigation

This paper discusses the appointment of A. W. Clausen as the new World Bank president. Mr. Clausen, 57, joined the Bank of America in 1949 as a trainee just out of the University of Minnesota law school and rose to...

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...

Bad News Spreads

Bad News Spreads »

Source: Finance & Development, December 2010

Volume/Issue: 47/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781451922356

Keywords: emerging markets, recession, international monetary fund, financial markets

This issue of F&D looks at the growing role of emerging markets. Analysis by the IMF's Ayhan Kose and Eswar Prasad, professor of trade policy at Cornell University, argues that their economic ascendance will enable...

International sovereign bonds: IMF promotes wider use of collective action clauses

International sovereign bonds: IMF promotes wider use of collective action clauses »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 10

Volume/Issue: 32/10

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451932010

Keywords: capital flows, capital account, capital account liberalization, capital accounts, financial sector, <italic>IMF Economic Forum</italic>,

With the findings of a recent IMF staff study serving as a starting point, a panel of IMF staff and distinguished outside researchers on May 27 debated financial globalization&#x2019;s benefits and risks. Panelists...

Regional Outlook: Central America Aims for Stronger Growth

Regional Outlook: Central America Aims for Stronger Growth »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 11

Volume/Issue: 36/11

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2007

ISBN: 9781451938494

Keywords: current account deficit, current account, current account surpluses, global growth

IMF plan to cut imbalances; IMF clarifies aid role; world growth update; financial globalization; growth in Africa; low-income countries need fiscal reform; Central America seeks stronger growth; IMF surveillance f...

IMF Lending: IMF Approves Loans for Crisis-Hit Hungary and Ukraine

IMF Lending: IMF Approves Loans for Crisis-Hit Hungary and Ukraine »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 37, Issue 11

Volume/Issue: 37/11

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2008

ISBN: 9781451968064

Keywords: financial markets, financial system, international monetary fund, member countries, regulatory framework

World Economic Outlook Update, IMF's Future role Debated, Poor Countries Face Crisis Impact, Eastern Europe's Currency Risk, Interview with Hamad Al Suwaidi, Mideast-Central Asia Outlook, Pacific Islands Face Press...

East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis

East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 46 No. 2

Volume: 46

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451974201

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, current account, international monetary fund

This paper analyzes the predictability of currency crises. The paper evaluates three models for predicting currency crises that were proposed before 1997. Two of the models failed to provide useful forecasts. One m...

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment

Global Rebalancing with Gravity: Measuring the Burden of Adjustment »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 3

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2008

ISBN: 9781589067240

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, monetary fund, foreign exchange, inflation

This special issue on exchange rates is drawn from the Eighth Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference held at the International Monetary Fund in Washington in November 2007. The Mundell-Fleming Lecture by Stanley...

People’s Republic of China—Macao Special Administrative Region: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation Discussions—Informational Annex

People’s Republic of China—Macao Special Administrative Region: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation Discussions—Informational Annex »

Source: People's Republic of China-Macao Special Administrative Region : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2017/50

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2017

ISBN: 9781475578867

Keywords: Macao Special Administrative Region of China, Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the real output for Macao Special Administrative Region (SAR) is expected to contract for a third consecutive year in 2016. However, external demand has begun to re...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...