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Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter assesses the links between fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil for the period 1995–2011 by combining fiscal data with household survey information...

Chapter 20. Macroeconomic Implications of Pension Reform in Brazil

Chapter 20. Macroeconomic Implications of Pension Reform in Brazil »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction The long-term challenges facing Brazil’s pension system are well documented. Recognizing these challenges, the authorities have sought to advance reforms. Much of the de...

Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567754.071

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

The sizeable increase in income inequality experienced in advanced economies and many parts of the world since the 1990s and the severe consequences of the global economic and financial crisis have brought distribu...

14 Theory and Practice of Intergovernmental Transfers

14 Theory and Practice of Intergovernmental Transfers »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

The design of intergovernmental transfers in developing countries is often a contributing factor to fiscal imbalances at subnational levels and an impediment to effi...

CHAPTER 8 Access to Finance and Household Saving

CHAPTER 8 Access to Finance and Household Saving »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION In many Asian economies, the share of household consumption in GDP is low by international standards (Figure 8.1). The share of consumption in GDP in several of the majo...

Chapter 1 Inflation and Growth: Is There a Trade-Off?

Chapter 1 Inflation and Growth: Is There a Trade-Off? »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The existence and the nature of the linkage between inflation and economic growth have been the subject of perennial interest and debate. And, like most truly contro...

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Principles Expenditure assignments influence the effective provision of certain services, as well as macroeconomic policy, but have important distributional implicati...

15 Implementing and Managing Grants—Institutional and Data Requirements

15 Implementing and Managing Grants—Institutional and Data Requirements »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

The previous chapters have described the principles for the establishment of grants, along with illustrations from a number of diverse countries. In this paper, we s...

CHAPTER 1 Rebalancing Growth in Asia

CHAPTER 1 Rebalancing Growth in Asia »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

Despite the strong increase in intraregional trade over the last decade, Asia is heavily dependent on external demand—more so than other regions. In the post-crisis world, Asia will need to rely more on dome...

16 Horizontal Equalization Grants

16 Horizontal Equalization Grants »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Chapter 16 provides a broadly based rationale for the creation of a system of grants. This chapter concentrates on just one aspect of such a grant...