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  • Money and Monetary Policy x
A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes »

Source: A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

Volume/Issue: 1995/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nancy Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

ISBN: 9781451843613

Keywords: purchasing power parity, civil service

International comparison of economic aggregates, expressed in domestic currencies, requires their conversion into a common numeraire currency such as the U.S. dollar or the SDR. Since market (or official) exchange...

Stand-By, EFF, and ESAF Arrangements as of January 31

Stand-By, EFF, and ESAF Arrangements as of January 31 »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 04

Volume/Issue: 28/4

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451935660

Keywords: transition economies, structural reforms, transition countries, corruption, market economy, Conference on Transition,

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Inflation Targeting and the Crisis

Inflation Targeting and the Crisis »

Source: Inflation Targeting and the Crisis : An Empirical Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2010/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963045

Keywords: economic crisis, inflation, terms of trade, real interest rates, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Business Fluctuations, And Cycles, money And Interest Rates,

This paper appraises how countries with inflation targeting fared during the current crisis, with the goal of establishing the stylized facts that will guide and motivate future research. We find that since August...

Getting all Girls into School

Getting all Girls into School »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 44/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451953824

Keywords: international monetary fund, gender, girls, gender equality, gender disparities

The June 2007 issue of F&D spotlights gender equality. The lead article discusses progress toward fulfilling the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) on redressing gender discrimination and empowering women and relate...

Volatility Spillovers and Contagion from Mature to Emerging Stock Markets

Volatility Spillovers and Contagion from Mature to Emerging Stock Markets »

Source: Volatility Spillovers and Contagion from Mature to Emerging Stock Markets

Volume/Issue: 2008/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guglielmo Caporale , Marianne Schulze-Ghattas , John Beirne , and Nicola Spagnolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

ISBN: 9781451871449

Keywords: Volatility spillovers, Contagion, correlations, stock market, emerging stock markets, financial contagion,

This paper examines volatility spillovers from mature to emerging stock markets and tests for changes in the transmission mechanism-contagion-during turbulences in mature markets. Tri-variate GARCH-BEKK models of r...

Moral Hazard and International Crisis Lending: A Test

Moral Hazard and International Crisis Lending: A Test »

Source: Moral Hazard and International Crisis Lending : A Test

Volume/Issue: 2002/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Jeronimo Zettelmeyer , and Isabel Schnabel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

ISBN: 9781451859201

Keywords: international lending, bond, crisis lending, bond spreads, bonds, International Lending and Debt Problems, Econometric Methods: - Single Equation Models,

We test for the existence of a moral hazard effect attributable to official crisis lending by analyzing the evolution of sovereign bond spreads in emerging markets before and after the Russian crisis. The nonbailou...

Investment in Emerging Markets We Are Not in Kansas Anymore…Or Are We?1

Investment in Emerging Markets We Are Not in Kansas Anymore…Or Are We?1 »

Source: Investment in Emerging Markets We Are Not in Kansas Anymore…Or Are We?

Volume/Issue: 2015/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Magud , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475534221

Keywords: financial constraints, private investment, commodity, debt, General, General, General, General, capital inflows.,

We document that (i) although private investment growth in emerging markets has decelerated in recent years, it came down from cyclical highs and remains close to pre-crisis trends; and (ii) investment-to-output ra...

Consequences of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Consequences of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Source: Consequences of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2012/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam , and Jiaqian Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475502923

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Crisis, Asset Bubble, financial assets, bond, bonds, asset bubbles, Money and Interest Rates: General, Financial Economics: General,

We assess econometrically the impact of asset shortages on economic growth, asset bubbles, the probability of a crisis, and the current account for a group of 41 Emerging markets for 1995-2008. The econometric esti...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...