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People’s Republic of China: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

People’s Republic of China: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation »

Source: People's Republic of China : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2004/351

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451807769

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, deficit, financial sector

This 2004 Article IV Consultation highlights that China has continued its rapid economic growth and integration into the global economy. Real GDP grew by 9.1 percent in 2003, underpinned by strong fixed investment...

Escaping the Under-Reform Trap

Escaping the Under-Reform Trap »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 48, Special Issue, Transition Economies, How Much Progress?

Volume: 48

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Richard Haas , Oleh Havrylyshyn , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061262

Keywords: international monetary fund, macroeconomic stabilization, budget constraints, structural reform

...

Middle East and Central Asia

Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Source: São Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2000/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451835021

Keywords: debt, central bank, deficit, budget, external debt, Sao Tome and Principe,

São Tomé and Príncipe is a small, island country with some 138,000 inhabitants; its resources are limited, and its GDP per capita is estimated at about US$295 (1998). The economy is heavily dependent on cocoa, whic...

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Source: São Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2000/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451835021

Keywords: debt, central bank, deficit, budget, external debt, Sao Tome and Principe,

São Tomé and Príncipe is a small, island country with some 138,000 inhabitants; its resources are limited, and its GDP per capita is estimated at about US$295 (1998). The economy is heavily dependent on cocoa, whic...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Source: São Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2000/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451835021

Keywords: debt, central bank, deficit, budget, external debt, Sao Tome and Principe,

São Tomé and Príncipe is a small, island country with some 138,000 inhabitants; its resources are limited, and its GDP per capita is estimated at about US$295 (1998). The economy is heavily dependent on cocoa, whic...

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Source: Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different?

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

1 Charting and Sustaining Progress in Income Poverty Reduction

1 Charting and Sustaining Progress in Income Poverty Reduction »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2006 : Strengthening Mutual Accountability: Aid, Trade, and Governance

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2006

ISBN: 9780821364772

Keywords: debt, anticorruption, budget management, primary education

The first Millennium Development Goal (MDG) calls for the development community to reduce the global rate of extreme income poverty—measured by the share of the population living on less than $1 per day—by h...