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Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in R...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility »

Source: Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2002/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848298

Keywords: capital mobility, reserve holdings, equation, skewness, central bank, statistics,

Why do countries hold so much international reserves? Global reserve holdings (excluding gold) were equivalent to 17 weeks of imports at the end of 1999. That is almost double what they were at the end of 1960 and...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451834987

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, external debt, expenditures, capital expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe »

Source: Sao Tome and Principe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451835007

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt relief, external debt, expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/294

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463904852

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, external debt, current account, central bank

The reports highlights that, even though the Russian economy has started reviving from the crisis, growth has been moderate and inflation high. Executive Directors have advised that the focus should be on reducing...

Chapter 1 Inflation and Growth: Is There a Trade-Off?

Chapter 1 Inflation and Growth: Is There a Trade-Off? »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The existence and the nature of the linkage between inflation and economic growth have been the subject of perennial interest and debate. And, like most truly contro...

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Source: São Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2000/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451835021

Keywords: debt, central bank, deficit, budget, external debt, Sao Tome and Principe,

São Tomé and Príncipe is a small, island country with some 138,000 inhabitants; its resources are limited, and its GDP per capita is estimated at about US$295 (1998). The economy is heavily dependent on cocoa, whic...

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

São Tomé and Príncipe: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Source: São Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2000/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451835021

Keywords: debt, central bank, deficit, budget, external debt, Sao Tome and Principe,

São Tomé and Príncipe is a small, island country with some 138,000 inhabitants; its resources are limited, and its GDP per capita is estimated at about US$295 (1998). The economy is heavily dependent on cocoa, whic...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1997/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451834970

Keywords: expenditure, per, central bank, external debt, domestic savings, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues paper highlights that the financial performance of Sao Tomé and Príncipe, after improving in 1995, deteriorated again in 1996, while production continued to stagnate. In 1995, the authorities a...