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Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1996/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451834963

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt service, external debt, expenditures, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues Paper and Statistical Appendix presents a summary of the tax system as of December 1995 of Sao Tomé and Príncipe. It describes the exchange and payments system. The paper highlights that the cu...

Session III Role of Regulation and Supervision of the Central Bank

Session III Role of Regulation and Supervision of the Central Bank »

Source: Perspectives on the Role of a Central Bank

Series: Books

Author(s): Miguel Mancera , Paul Volcker , and Jean Godeaux

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557752062

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, central banks, inflation, money supply

Tong Zengyin Supervising and regulating the operation of financial institutions are the important functions of the central bank. Only when the power of s...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

China

China »

Source: China : Strengthening Monetary Policy Implementation

Volume/Issue: 2007/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , and Rodolfo Maino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865783

Keywords: multipliers, inflation, central bank, money market, money supply,

The People's Bank of China (PBC) has made great strides in modernizing its monetary policy frameworks but their effectiveness will diminish as the sophistication of the economy increases. Empirical evidence support...

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility »

Source: Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2002/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848298

Keywords: capital mobility, reserve holdings, equation, skewness, central bank, statistics,

Why do countries hold so much international reserves? Global reserve holdings (excluding gold) were equivalent to 17 weeks of imports at the end of 1999. That is almost double what they were at the end of 1960 and...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451834987

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, external debt, expenditures, capital expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe »

Source: Sao Tome and Principe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451835007

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt relief, external debt, expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/294

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463904852

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, external debt, current account, central bank

The reports highlights that, even though the Russian economy has started reviving from the crisis, growth has been moderate and inflation high. Executive Directors have advised that the focus should be on reducing...

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the changing composition of China’s trade within the context of the reform of the Chinese economy and to discuss its...

Chapter 4 Growth and Inflation in Asia’s Transition Economies

Chapter 4 Growth and Inflation in Asia’s Transition Economies »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

One of the first countries “in transition” to a market economy was China, even though it would not like this epithet. The success of the emerging economies in Asia,...