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Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility »

Source: Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2002/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848298

Keywords: capital mobility, reserve holdings, equation, skewness, central bank, statistics,

Why do countries hold so much international reserves? Global reserve holdings (excluding gold) were equivalent to 17 weeks of imports at the end of 1999. That is almost double what they were at the end of 1960 and...

Appendix VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1997

Appendix VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1997 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

Director Alternate Casting Votes of...

Appendix VIII Changes in Membership of Executive Board

Appendix VIII Changes in Membership of Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 1996 and April 30, 1997 were as follows: Toshihiko Fukuyama (Japan) relinquished his duties as Alternate Executive Director to Hachiro Mes...

Appendix II. Financial Operations and Transactions of the Fund

Appendix II. Financial Operations and Transactions of the Fund »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

The tables in this appendix supplement the information given in Chapter 9 on the Fund’s financial operations and policies. Table II.1 Arrangemen...

CHAPTER 1. A Strategy for Renormalizing Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Advanced Economies

CHAPTER 1. A Strategy for Renormalizing Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Advanced Economies »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

1.1. Introduction In response to the worst economic crisis since the 1930s, government budgets and central banks have provided substantial support for aggregate demand and for the fi...

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the changing composition of China’s trade within the context of the reform of the Chinese economy and to discuss its...

Appendix X Financial Statements

Appendix X Financial Statements »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

Report of the External Audit Committee Washington, D.C. June 19, 1997 Authority and Scope of the Audit In accordance with Secti...

Chapter 1. Main Developments in the World Economy

Chapter 1. Main Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

World economic growth continued at about 4 percent in 1996 for the third successive year (Figure 1). Activity picked up in a number of industrial countries, while growth resumed in those developing countries...

CHAPTER 8. Global Imbalances: In Midstream?

CHAPTER 8. Global Imbalances: In Midstream? »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

Before the crisis, there were strong arguments for reducing global imbalances. As a result of the crisis, there have been significant changes in saving and investment patterns across the world and imbalances...