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II Macroeconomic Balance Approach

II Macroeconomic Balance Approach »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The macroeconomic balance approach to exchange rate assessments consists of three steps. First, an equilibrium relationship between current account balances and a set of fundamentals is estimated with panel...

Chapter 5. France: Imbalances and Declining Competitiveness

Chapter 5. France: Imbalances and Declining Competitiveness »

Source: Global Rebalancing : A Roadmap for Economic Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475573664

Keywords: current account, public debt, public finances, fiscal consolidation, financial sector

France’s external balances over the past decade have gradually deteriorated from surplus to moderate deficit, reflecting worsening competitiveness on the back of declining trend growth. Rising p...

CHAPTER 1. A Strategy for Renormalizing Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Advanced Economies

CHAPTER 1. A Strategy for Renormalizing Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Advanced Economies »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

1.1. Introduction In response to the worst economic crisis since the 1930s, government budgets and central banks have provided substantial support for aggregate demand and for the fi...

CHAPTER 8. Global Imbalances: In Midstream?

CHAPTER 8. Global Imbalances: In Midstream? »

Source: Reconstructing the World Economy

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

Before the crisis, there were strong arguments for reducing global imbalances. As a result of the crisis, there have been significant changes in saving and investment patterns across the world and imbalances...

Appendix V: Changes in Membership of Executive Board

Appendix V: Changes in Membership of Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 1980 and April 30, 1981 were as follows: D. Lakshman Kannangara (Sri Lanka) was appointed Alternate Executive...

Appendix IV: Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1981

Appendix IV: Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1981 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

Director Alternate Cast...

Appendix I

Appendix I »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

The Fund in 1980/81 The tables in this appendix supplement the information given in Chapter 3 on the activities of the Fund during the financial year ended April 30, 1981. In two tab...

Session 2: Exchange Rate Issues - Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates*

Session 2: Exchange Rate Issues - Financial Globalization and Exchange Rates* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction Financial globalization has been one of the most important trends in the world economy in recent decades. This process has involved sharply rising foreign asset and liab...

Chapter 2: Developments in the International Monetary System

Chapter 2: Developments in the International Monetary System »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

The behavior of exchange rates during 1980 and the first half of 1981 reflected the fundamental problems of the international economy during this period. Continued divergences among...

Chapter 3: Activities of the Fund

Chapter 3: Activities of the Fund »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

An Overview Recent and prospective changes in the world economy have had a pronounced impact on the scale of activities as well as on the policies and procedures of the Fund. In addi...