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Session 3: Debt in Emerging Economies - Public Debt, Fiscal Solvency, and Macroeconomic Uncertainty in Latin America: The Cases of Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico*

Session 3: Debt in Emerging Economies - Public Debt, Fiscal Solvency, and Macroeconomic Uncertainty in Latin America: The Cases of Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico* »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Introduction The ratios of public debt to GDP have been rising steadily in the economies of Latin America. Comparing averages for the period 1996-2002 with those for the period 1990-...

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Source: Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Dollars, Debt, and Deficits
			: Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064539.072

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

This book examines the challenges facing the international monetary and financial system, as well as the future role of the Bretton Woods institutions in addressing those challenges. The volume is based on the proc...

Exits from Heavily Managed Exchange Rate Regimes

Exits from Heavily Managed Exchange Rate Regimes »

Source: Exits from Heavily Managed Exchange Rate Regimes

Volume/Issue: 2005/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Eisuke Okada , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860580

Keywords: orderly and disorderly exits, exchange rate, real exchange rate, international financial statistics, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, International Lending and Debt Problems, orderly, and disorderly exits,

A widely held nostrum is that countries should exit heavily managed exchange rate regimes when the going is good, rather than when the exchange rate is under pressure to depreciate. Have countries followed this adv...

Background Document 8: List of Interviewees

Background Document 8: List of Interviewees »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

International and Regional Organizations Bank for Internati...

Background Document 5: A Review of IMF Exchange Rate Surveillance in 30 Economies, 1999–2005

Background Document 5: A Review of IMF Exchange Rate Surveillance in 30 Economies, 1999–2005 »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

1. This background document presents a summary of major findings from the IEO’s in-depth review of IMF exchange rate surveillance in 30 economies, which was designed to supplement the full review of document...

Background Document 3: The Equilibrium Exchange Rate: Alternative Concepts and Their Applications in IMF Surveillance

Background Document 3: The Equilibrium Exchange Rate: Alternative Concepts and Their Applications in IMF Surveillance »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

Introduction 1. This background document surveys major recent approaches to modeling an equilibrium exchange rate, 1 and reviews how IMF economists...

Chapter 3: What Has Been the Quality of IMF Analysis and Advice?

Chapter 3: What Has Been the Quality of IMF Analysis and Advice? »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

18. There is a disconnect between the perceptions of staff and of the authorities regarding the quality of IMF exchange rate analysis and assessment—particu-larly in respect of advice to major advanced and l...

Background Document 6: IEO Survey of the Authorities and Staff

Background Document 6: IEO Survey of the Authorities and Staff »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

1. This background document summarizes the results from the IEO survey of country authorities and IMF staff. The first section sets out the methodology. The second section summarizes the main survey find-ing...