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Industrial energy conservation in developing countries: Substantial savings possible

Industrial energy conservation in developing countries: Substantial savings possible »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1983

ISBN: 9781616353551

Keywords: developing countries, finance, interest, interest rates, markets

This paper highlights the sources of payments problems in less developed countries. Growth in the industrial countries has a direct impact on the current account of the developing countries through its influence on...

Demographics and Interest Rates in Asia

Demographics and Interest Rates in Asia »

Source: Demographics and Interest Rates in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2018/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , Jaewoo Lee , and Umang Rawat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484370308

Keywords: demographics, interest rates, capital account openness

Demographic developments have been regarded as one important cause of the long-term movement in global interest rates. This paper provides empirical evidence of the relationship between demographics and interest ra...

Research Summaries: Global Population Aging and Pension Reform

Research Summaries: Global Population Aging and Pension Reform »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, September 2008

Volume/Issue: 9/3

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451959482

Keywords: capital flows, pension reforms, interest rates, capital controls, capital markets

IMF research summaries on global population aging and pension reform (by Mario Catalán) and on questions about decoupling (by M. Ayhan Kose); country study on the United States (by Koshy Mathai); listing of visitin...

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy »

Source: The Changing Role of the State in the Economy : A Historical Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1997/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451943450

Keywords: public sector, industrial countries, public spending, public finance, public interest

This paper discusses the role of the state from a historical perspective. It outlines how that role has changed over the past hundred years and discusses the forces that have promoted the changes. In the period bet...

Inflation Targeting and the Crisis

Inflation Targeting and the Crisis »

Source: Inflation Targeting and the Crisis : An Empirical Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2010/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963045

Keywords: economic crisis, inflation, terms of trade, real interest rates, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Business Fluctuations, And Cycles, money And Interest Rates,

This paper appraises how countries with inflation targeting fared during the current crisis, with the goal of establishing the stylized facts that will guide and motivate future research. We find that since August...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Source: Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows »

Source: If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2015/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

ISBN: 9781498367196

Keywords: Fed liftoffs, policy responses, policy framework, emerging market economies, interest, market, portfolio, interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

After more than six years of ultra-low interest rates, a Fed liftoff (rate hike) is just a matter of time. This paper goes back to history to understand the spillover effect - or what is termed in the paper as the...

Determinants of China's Private Consumption

Determinants of China's Private Consumption »

Source: Determinants of China's Private Consumption : An International Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2010/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kai Guo , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

ISBN: 9781451982701

Keywords: savings rate, household income, and GMM, disposable income, labor income, real interest rate,

This paper gauges the key determinants of China's private consumption in relation to GDP using data on the Chinese economy and evidence from other countries' experiences. The results suggest there is nothing "speci...

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 57, No. 2

Volume: 57

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2010

ISBN: 9781589069121

Keywords: financial liberalization, financial sector, reserve requirements, interest rate controls, financial reforms

This paper introduces a new database of financial reforms covering 91 economies over 1973-2005. It describes the content of the database, the information sources utilized, and the coding rules used to create an ind...

A New Database of Financial Reforms

A New Database of Financial Reforms »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 57, No. 2

Volume: 57

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2010

ISBN: 9781589069121

Keywords: financial liberalization, financial sector, reserve requirements, interest rate controls, financial reforms

This paper introduces a new database of financial reforms covering 91 economies over 1973-2005. It describes the content of the database, the information sources utilized, and the coding rules used to create an ind...