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Letters

Letters »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1983

ISBN: 9781616353551

Keywords: developing countries, finance, interest, interest rates, markets

This paper highlights the sources of payments problems in less developed countries. Growth in the industrial countries has a direct impact on the current account of the developing countries through its influence on...

Industrial energy conservation in developing countries: Substantial savings possible

Industrial energy conservation in developing countries: Substantial savings possible »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1983

ISBN: 9781616353551

Keywords: developing countries, finance, interest, interest rates, markets

This paper highlights the sources of payments problems in less developed countries. Growth in the industrial countries has a direct impact on the current account of the developing countries through its influence on...

Precautionary Savings and Global Imbalances in World General Equilibrium*

Precautionary Savings and Global Imbalances in World General Equilibrium* »

Source: Precautionary Savings and Global Imbalances in World General Equilibrium

Volume/Issue: 2011/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455263394

Keywords: interest rate, interest, current account, foreign assets, net foreign assets, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Volatility,

In this paper we assess the implications of precautionary savings for global imbalances by considering a world economy model composed by the US, the Euro Area, Japan, China, oil-exporting countries, and the rest of...

IMF Executive Board Discusses Euro Area Policies

IMF Executive Board Discusses Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2005/265

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451813012

Keywords: interest rates, structural reforms, economic outlook

This paper focuses on euro area policies. The monetary policy stance remains appropriate for now. Fiscal policies are falling well short of consolidation requirements, and the area remains insufficiently prepared f...

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2005/265

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451813012

Keywords: interest rates, structural reforms, economic outlook

This paper focuses on euro area policies. The monetary policy stance remains appropriate for now. Fiscal policies are falling well short of consolidation requirements, and the area remains insufficiently prepared f...

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2006/287

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451813043

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, interest rates, labor market, financial sector

The euro area recovered from the economic doldrums. Executive Directors welcomed the recovery, supported by strong financial conditions, global growth, and improved financial positions. They encouraged the reformed...

Determinants of China's Private Consumption

Determinants of China's Private Consumption »

Source: Determinants of China's Private Consumption : An International Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2010/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kai Guo , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

ISBN: 9781451982701

Keywords: savings rate, household income, and GMM, disposable income, labor income, real interest rate,

This paper gauges the key determinants of China's private consumption in relation to GDP using data on the Chinese economy and evidence from other countries' experiences. The results suggest there is nothing "speci...

High Growth and Low Consumption in East Asia

High Growth and Low Consumption in East Asia »

Source: High Growth and Low Consumption in East Asia : How to Improve Welfare While Avoiding Financial Failures

Volume/Issue: 2007/278

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Celine Rochon , Andrew Feltenstein , and Maral Shamloo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868418

Keywords: Growth, Financial failures, General equilibrium, fdi, direct investment, foreign direct investment, real interest rates, investors,

This paper analyzes certain policies that are typical of a number of rapidly growing East Asian countries in which a fixed exchange rate, combined with a surplus labor market, has made domestic assets relatively in...

Inflation Targeting and the Crisis

Inflation Targeting and the Crisis »

Source: Inflation Targeting and the Crisis : An Empirical Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2010/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963045

Keywords: economic crisis, inflation, terms of trade, real interest rates, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Business Fluctuations, And Cycles, money And Interest Rates,

This paper appraises how countries with inflation targeting fared during the current crisis, with the goal of establishing the stylized facts that will guide and motivate future research. We find that since August...

A New Database of Financial Reforms

A New Database of Financial Reforms »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 57, No. 2

Volume: 57

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2010

ISBN: 9781589069121

Keywords: financial liberalization, financial sector, reserve requirements, interest rate controls, financial reforms

This paper introduces a new database of financial reforms covering 91 economies over 1973-2005. It describes the content of the database, the information sources utilized, and the coding rules used to create an ind...