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Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in R...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

The Statistical Appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, and Statistical Tables....

CHAPTER 2. COUNTRY AND REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES

CHAPTER 2. COUNTRY AND REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

United States and Canada: Prognosis for the Downturn The United States has been at the center of the intensifying global financial storm discussed in Chapter 1, and the economy is no...

CHAPTER 6. DIVERGENCE OF CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCES ACROSS EMERGING ECONOMIES

CHAPTER 6. DIVERGENCE OF CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCES ACROSS EMERGING ECONOMIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

The pattern of current account balances across emerging economies has become much more diverse in recent years than during the early 1990s, particularly between emerging Asia and Europe. 1...

CHAPTER 1. GLOBAL PROSPECTS AND POLICIES

CHAPTER 1. GLOBAL PROSPECTS AND POLICIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

This chapter opens with an overview of a global economy under stress. It then examines the expanding financial crisis and its macroeconomic implications in more detail, as well as the imbalances in housing a...

Chapter 3. IS INFLATION BACK? COMMODITY PRICES AND INFLATION

Chapter 3. IS INFLATION BACK? COMMODITY PRICES AND INFLATION »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

Could the large commodity price surge of the past year and a half signal an end to a decade or so of price stability and herald a return to the type of high inflation seen during the 1970s? This question con...

CHAPTER 5. FISCAL POLICY AS A COUNTERCYCLICAL TOOL

CHAPTER 5. FISCAL POLICY AS A COUNTERCYCLICAL TOOL »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

In recent months, as economies have been buffeted by falling asset prices, rising costs for raw materials and credit, and waning confidence, there have been renewed calls for governments to actively use fisc...

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows »

Source: If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2015/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

ISBN: 9781498367196

Keywords: Fed liftoffs, policy responses, policy framework, emerging market economies, interest, market, portfolio, interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

After more than six years of ultra-low interest rates, a Fed liftoff (rate hike) is just a matter of time. This paper goes back to history to understand the spillover effect - or what is termed in the paper as the...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Economic Reform in China : A New Phase

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Burton , Wanda Tseng , Kalpana Kochhar , Hoe Khor , and Dubravko Mihaljek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754219

Keywords: foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy, banking, tax administration

China's economic performance hs been remarkable since the the reform process began 15 years ago. Notwithstanding the achievements that have been made, a number of serious problems remain. This papers discusses the...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China : An Experiment in Gradualism

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , Bernard Laurens , Hassanali Mehran , and Tom Nordman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755629

Keywords: foreign exchange, central bank, monetary policy, bonds, financial sector

In 1978, China embarked on a gradual but far-reaching reform of its economic system. This paper focuses on the achievements so far in reforming the financial sector, the legal framework for financial transactions,...