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Averting the Old-Age Crisis

Averting the Old-Age Crisis »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1995

Volume/Issue: 32/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451952643

Keywords: pension, benefits, pensions, payroll, pension plans

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth

The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth »

Source: The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2000/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451852752

Keywords: Growth, labor reallocation, labor efficiency, labor productivity, labor force, labor share

This study seeks to explain economic growth differences in an aggregate production function framework, where labor reallocation from agriculture to modern sectors influences labor efficiency growth. The econometric...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

Chronicle of a Decline Foretold

Chronicle of a Decline Foretold »

Source: Chronicle of a Decline Foretold : Has China Reached the Lewis Turning Point?

Volume/Issue: 2013/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475548242

Keywords: Excess labor supply, Lewis Turning Point, Population aging, Demographics, labor supply, labor force, labor market, labor demand, unemployment, General

China is on the eve of a demographic shift that will have profound consequences on its economic and social landscape. Within a few years the working age population will reach a historical peak, and then begin a pre...

China’s Labor Market in the “New Normal”1

China’s Labor Market in the “New Normal”1 »

Source: China's Labor Market in the 'New Normal'

Volume/Issue: 2015/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Waikei Lam , Xiaoguang Liu , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513570693

Keywords: Mobility, labor market, labor, employment, General, General, General, General, General, General,

As China implements reforms under the 'new normal,' maintaining stability in the labor market is a priority. The country's demography and labor dynamics are changing, after benefitting in past decades from ample ch...

Output and Unemployment Dynamics during the Great Recession

Output and Unemployment Dynamics during the Great Recession »

Source: Output and Unemployment Dynamics during the Great Recession : A Panel Unobserved Components Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2010/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

ISBN: 9781455202195

Keywords: Output dynamics, Unemployment dynamics, World economy, Great Recession, Panel unobserved components model, unemployment rate, unemployment, domestic demand, labor demand, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper analyzes the sources of output and unemployment dynamics in the world economy during the Great Recession. This analysis is based on a panel unobserved components model of the world economy, disaggregated...

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis•

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis• »

Source: Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Ernesto Crivelli , and Joël Toujas-Bernate

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505689

Keywords: employment elasticities, structural policies, reforms, labor market, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other, Mobility

The aim of this paper is to provide new estimates of employment-output elasticities and assess the effect of structural and macroeocnomic policies on the employment-intensity of growth. Using an unbalanced panel of...

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run »

Source: Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run : the Role of Macroeconomic Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2010/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Surico , Luca Ricci , and Pierpaolo Benigno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209590

Keywords: macroeconomic volatility, downward wage rigidities, unemployment rate, employment, unemployment rates, rate of unemployment, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

We propose a theory of low-frequency movements in unemployment based on asymmetric real wage rigidities. The theory generates two main predictions: long-run unemployment increases with (i) a fall in long-run produc...

Chapter 5 The Boom in Nonfuel Commodity Prices: Can it Last?

Chapter 5 The Boom in Nonfuel Commodity Prices: Can it Last? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2006 : Financial Systems and Economic Cycles

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589065987

Keywords: debt, financial systems, interest, productivity growth, payments

Over the past four years, fuel and nonfuel commodity prices have risen significantly. Developments in fuel markets (especially oil) have dominated the attention of policymakers so far, although the increase...

Chapter 4 How Do Financial Systems Affect Economic Cycles?

Chapter 4 How Do Financial Systems Affect Economic Cycles? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2006 : Financial Systems and Economic Cycles

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589065987

Keywords: debt, financial systems, interest, productivity growth, payments

Financial systems in advanced economies have undergone remarkable changes in recent years, driven primarily by deregulation and improvements in technology. The pace of these changes has varied across countri...