Search Results

You are looking at 31 - 40 of 144 items :

  • Netherlands x
Cooperating for growth and adjustment: The 1985 Annual Meetings of the Bank and the Fund

Cooperating for growth and adjustment: The 1985 Annual Meetings of the Bank and the Fund »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1985

Volume/Issue: 22/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1985

ISBN: 9781616353636

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, finance, balance of payments

This paper elaborates the introduction of surveillance that gave the IMF broader responsibilities with respect to oversight of its members' policies than existed under the par value system. The IMF's purview has be...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451834987

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, external debt, expenditures, capital expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1997/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451834970

Keywords: expenditure, per, central bank, external debt, domestic savings, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues paper highlights that the financial performance of Sao Tomé and Príncipe, after improving in 1995, deteriorated again in 1996, while production continued to stagnate. In 1995, the authorities a...

Russian Federation: Selected Issues

Russian Federation: Selected Issues »

Source: Russian Federation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2008/308

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451833164

Keywords: replacement rate, retirement age, pension system, basic pension

This Selected Issues paper for the Russian Federation discusses existing empirical efforts to measure the determinants of cross-country financial integration. Empirical studies that have adopted the gravity-model f...

Euro Area Policies

Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/185

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462339549

Keywords: spillovers, bond, financial markets, financial market, financial sector, Euro Area Policies:,

The euro area (EA) plays a major role in the global economy. Market perceptions of events in the EA program countries illustrate the possibility of large spillovers from the area in times of stress. The prospect of...

Cote D'ivoire

Cote D'ivoire »

Source: Cote D'ivoire : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/124

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451807844

Keywords: balance of payments, debt service, external debt, debt stock, public debt

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2005/265

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451813012

Keywords: interest rates, structural reforms, economic outlook

This paper focuses on euro area policies. The monetary policy stance remains appropriate for now. Fiscal policies are falling well short of consolidation requirements, and the area remains insufficiently prepared f...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation

Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation »

Source: Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation

Volume/Issue: 2012/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kurt Annen , and Luc Moers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505542

Keywords: Aid Effectiveness, Aid Fragmentation, Donor Competition, Donor Coordination, humanitarian aid, aid coordination, foreign investment, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General,

This paper shows that donors that maximize relative aid impact spread their budgets across many recipient countries in a unique Nash equilibrium, explaining aid fragmentation. This equilibrium may be inefficient ev...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...