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Urban and Rural Household Saving in China

Urban and Rural Household Saving in China »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 35 No. 4

Volume: 35

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451930733

Keywords: terms of trade, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, relative price

An intertemporal optimizing model of a small open economy is used to analyze how terms of trade changes affect real exchange rates and the trade balance. Temporary current, (expected) future, and permanent changes...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia: Identifying hurdles to intra-regional trade

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia: Identifying hurdles to intra-regional trade »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...