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Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Source: Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...

Africa’s Rising Exposure to China: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?

Africa’s Rising Exposure to China: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade? »

Source: Africa's Rising Exposure to China : How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?

Volume/Issue: 2013/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , and Estelle Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484311318

Keywords: spillover, panel data, econometrics, export growth, exporters, oil exporters, total exports, General,

The rapid growth in China's domestic investment in recent decades has generated a large appetite for global goods, including from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This paper estimates the impact of changes in China's inve...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia1/ »

Source: Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...

Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption

Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption »

Source: Real Effective Exchange Rate and the Constant Elasticity of Substitution Assumption

Volume/Issue: 2000/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855043

Keywords: trade forecasting and simulation, reer, equation, equations, statistics, cointegration

The real effective exchange rate is an aggregation of several bilateral real exchange rates with respect to other countries. The aggregation is usually done under the assumption of constant elasticity of substituti...

China

China »

Source: China : International Trade and WTO Accession

Volume/Issue: 2004/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , and Thomas Rumbaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451845488

Keywords: WTO, export growth, world trade, clothing exports, tariff reductions, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

China's increasing integration with the global economy has contributed to sustained growth in international trade. Its exports have become more diversified, and greater penetration of industrial country markets has...

Export Spillovers from Global Shocks for the Middle East and Central Asia

Export Spillovers from Global Shocks for the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Export Spillovers from Global Shocks for the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2014/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alberto Behar , and Jaime Espinosa-Bowen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484380796

Keywords: Gravity model, Caucasus, oil exports, oil exporters, exporters, services exports, exporter, Trade Forecasting and Simulation, International Business Cycles,

This paper quantifies the effect of realized and potential global growth disappointments on export volumes from the Middle East, North Africa, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. Estimates of export elasticities with r...

Global Rebalancing

Global Rebalancing »

Source: Global Rebalancing : Implications for Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463922610

Keywords: Global Rebalancing, low-income countries, terms of trade, commodity exporters, manufactured exports, exporters, export expansion, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Economywide Country Studies,

While global rebalancing will mainly involve structural realignment among major advanced and emerging market economies, it could have significant impact on low-income countries (LICs). Simulations using a global ge...

Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates

Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates »

Source: Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates : A Study of the Renminbi

Volume/Issue: 2012/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Prachi Mishra , and Aaditya Mattoo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502626

Keywords: spillover, exchange rate, exporter, exporters, real exchange rate, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

This paper estimates the impact of China's exchange rate changes on exports of competitor countries in third markets, which we call the "spillover effect". We use recent theory to develop an identification strategy...

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...

After the Boom–Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

After the Boom–Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: After the Boom-Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2014/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498363518

Keywords: Global VAR (GVAR), commodity prices, output growth, Latin America, commodity exporters, exporters, commodity exports, Time-Series Models, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies

After skyrocketing over the past decade, commodity prices have remained stable or eased somewhat since mid-2011-and most projections suggest they are not likely to resume the upward trend observed in the last decad...