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Russian Federation

Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module

Volume/Issue: 2004/288

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451833058

Keywords: budget law, budget code, budget execution, annual budget

This report on the Russian Federation's Observance of Standards and Codes reports on the fiscal transparency module. Russia has achieved considerable progress in fiscal transparency and financial management since 1...

The Evolving Role of Monetary Policy in China

The Evolving Role of Monetary Policy in China »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 33 No. 2

Volume: 33

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1986

ISBN: 9781451946956

Keywords: international monetary fund, monetary policy, interest, budget, central bank

WILLIAM. white, who joined the International Monetary Fund in 1948, spent his entire professional life in the Research Department. Present and past staff members, many of whom benefited from his advice, have asked...

Effect of a Slowdown in Industrial Economies on Selected Asian Countries

Effect of a Slowdown in Industrial Economies on Selected Asian Countries »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 33 No. 2

Volume: 33

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1986

ISBN: 9781451946956

Keywords: international monetary fund, monetary policy, interest, budget, central bank

WILLIAM. white, who joined the International Monetary Fund in 1948, spent his entire professional life in the Research Department. Present and past staff members, many of whom benefited from his advice, have asked...

China

China »

Source: China : Statistical Tables and Charts

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451807714

Keywords: expenditure, financial institutions, bonds, total expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?1

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?1 »

Source: Local Government Financing Platforms in China : A Fortune or Misfortune?

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

ISBN: 9781475599671

Keywords: local government, capital markets, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue, General, and capital markets,

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

Issues in Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in China

Issues in Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in China »

Source: Issues in Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in China

Volume/Issue: 2005/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860498

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, expenditure assignments, fiscal relations, intergovernmental fiscal, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

The paper reviews the changing nature of intergovernmental fiscal relations between the provinces and the central government in China over the past two decades and provides an assessment of the success of previous...

Toward More Effective Redistribution

Toward More Effective Redistribution »

Source: Toward More Effective Redistribution : Reform Options for Intergovernmental Transfers in China

Volume/Issue: 2004/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451852172

Keywords: Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations, expenditure, expenditure needs, expenditures, total expenditure, tax effort

Full implementation of an intergovernmental transfer system based on revenue capacities and expenditure needs could significantly improve both redistribution and equity objectives of the Chinese authorities. This w...

The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform

The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform »

Source: The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform : The Case of China

Volume/Issue: 1989/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1989

ISBN: 9781451981698

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, taxation, government expenditure, government revenue

Market-oriented economic reforms in centrally planned economies have altered the functions and objectives of key policy instruments, particularly in the case of fiscal policy. As a result of reform, economic manage...

The Asian Dollar and Free Gold Markets in Singapore

The Asian Dollar and Free Gold Markets in Singapore »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1971

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1971

ISBN: 9781616353032

Keywords: capital goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, capital ? expenditures

This paper examines the difference between 'capital' and 'investment' for developing countries. The paper highlights that investment in material capital is merely one of the factors involved in economic development...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...