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Chapter 13. Australian Pensions: An Equitable and Sustainable Arrangement in a Postcrisis World?

Chapter 13. Australian Pensions: An Equitable and Sustainable Arrangement in a Postcrisis World? »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Australia has a classic three-pillar retirement system, comprising A government-financed public pension, called the Age Pe...

Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change
			: A Guide for Policymakers

Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers »

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353933.071

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Efforts to control atmospheric accumulations of greenhouse gases that threaten to heat up the planet are in their infancy. Although the IMF is not an environmental organization, environmental issues matter for its...

Equitable and Sustainable Pensions
			: Challenges and Experience

Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616359508.071

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of government expenditure. Second, population aging means...

14 Budgetary Accounting in China

14 Budgetary Accounting in China »

Source: Government Financial Management : Issues and Country Studies

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1990

ISBN: 9781557751492

Keywords: expenditure, financial management, expenditures, courts, court

Accounting for the public sector in the People’s Republic of China is termed budgetary accounting. It is designed to record, report, and supervise the implementation...

Chapter 8. Carbon Pricing: Lessons Derived from Experience*

Chapter 8. Carbon Pricing: Lessons Derived from Experience* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Although replacing regulatory emissions control policies with market-based inst...

Chapter 2. How to Design a Carbon Tax

Chapter 2. How to Design a Carbon Tax »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Market-based instruments like carbon taxes are potentially the most effective p...

Chapter 7. Fiscal Instruments for Climate Finance

Chapter 7. Fiscal Instruments for Climate Finance »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Developed economies have pledged to generate, from 2020, US$100 billion per yea...

Chapter 4. The Social Cost of Carbon: Valuing Carbon Reductions in Policy Analysis*

Chapter 4. The Social Cost of Carbon: Valuing Carbon Reductions in Policy Analysis* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Without action to control rising greenhouse gases (GHGs), scientists predict th...

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies*

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Low- and lower-middle-income countries contribute only about 12 percent of glob...

Chapter 12. Singapore’s Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options

Chapter 12. Singapore’s Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Singapore has evolved from a low-to-middle-income country to a high-income country in a relatively short period. Singapore’s economic success notwithstanding, several fa...