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Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments : What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857528

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, probability, statistics, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have...

Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs

Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs »

Source: Interest Rate Defenses of Currency Pegs

Volume/Issue: 2004/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Sole

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451850789

Keywords: bond, central bank, bonds, domestic currency, interest rate policy, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper studies a policy often used to defend a currency peg: raising short-term interest rates. The rationale for this policy is to stem demand for foreign reserves. Yet, this mechanism is absent from most mone...

Challenge of Sustaining Growth with Equity in Asia

Challenge of Sustaining Growth with Equity in Asia »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1991

Volume/Issue: 28/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451952087

Keywords: population growth, capital markets, death rates, capital market, life expectancy

We need to understand more deeply a number of critical issues that confront the World Bank and its member countries before we can transform knowledge into effective actions...

Cote D'ivoire

Cote D'ivoire »

Source: Cote D'ivoire : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/124

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451807844

Keywords: balance of payments, debt service, external debt, debt stock, public debt

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Emerging Market Volatility

Emerging Market Volatility »

Source: Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

Volatilidad en los mercados emergentes

Volatilidad en los mercados emergentes »

Source: Volatilidad en los mercados emergentes : Lecciones de mayo de 2013

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513534459

Keywords: Mercados emergentes, volatilidad de los mercados de capital internacionales, flujos de capital, política monetaria, política macroprudencial, Estados Unidos, países desarrollados

Las políticas monetarias acomodaticias de las economías avanzadas han estimulado la entrada de capitales en los mercados emergentes desde la crisis financiera internacional. En un episodio que comenzó en mayo de 20...

Recovery in Asia: Social agenda is a necessary prerequisite for poverty reduction and growth

Recovery in Asia: Social agenda is a necessary prerequisite for poverty reduction and growth »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 28/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451925616

Keywords: financial system, structural adjustment, structural adjustment facility, contingency financing, international financial ? architecture

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Chapter 6. The U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Asian Crisis

Chapter 6. The U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Asian Crisis »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Before the Asian debt crisis in the late 1990s, short- and medium-term credit support from the U.S. Export-Import Bank for exports of goods and services to Korea, Indonesia, and Thailand was very limited bec...

New York Meetings: Asian Crisis Impact, Global Economic Prospects Are Among Issues Discussed by AEA Panels

New York Meetings: Asian Crisis Impact, Global Economic Prospects Are Among Issues Discussed by AEA Panels »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 02

Volume/Issue: 28/2

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451936841

Keywords: exchange rates, exchange rate, capital outflows, financial sector, imf-supported programs, Assessment of Programs,

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...