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Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments

Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments : What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Volume/Issue: 2004/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , Emanuele Baldacci , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857528

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, probability, statistics, Duration Analysis, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Determinants of Credit Growth and Interest Margins in the Philippines and Asia

Determinants of Credit Growth and Interest Margins in the Philippines and Asia »

Source: Determinants of Credit Growth and Interest Margins in the Philippines and Asia

Volume/Issue: 2012/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tatum Blaise Pua Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503524

Keywords: credit growth, net interest margins, banking, financial system, bank size, banking system, stock market, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

Despite robust deposit growth, credit growth has been sluggish in the Philippines. We attribute this to legacy weaknesses in bank balance sheets, consumption-led economic growth, and relatively high net interest ma...

Seminar on Investor Relations: A Tool for Crisis Prevention

Seminar on Investor Relations: A Tool for Crisis Prevention »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, March 2002

Volume/Issue: 3/1

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451929331

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic policies, income inequality, international monetary fund, transition economies

Articles reviewing IMF research on dollarization and on the relationship between macroeconomic policies and income distribution; country/area study: The Euro Area; summaries of Second Annual IMF Research Conference...

Characterizing Exchange Rate Regimes in Post-Crisis East Asia

Characterizing Exchange Rate Regimes in Post-Crisis East Asia »

Source: Characterizing Exchange Rate Regimes in Post-Crisis East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2001/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451857092

Keywords: exchange rate regime, volatility, Asian crisis, exchange rate, exchange rates, random walk, exchange rate volatility, standard deviation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper examines the behavior of the exchange rates of selected emerging market East Asian economies in the aftermath of the Asian crisis. The results suggest that movements in the Asia-5 currencies (Indonesia,...

Research Summaries: Macroeconomic Policies and Income Distribution

Research Summaries: Macroeconomic Policies and Income Distribution »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, March 2002

Volume/Issue: 3/1

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451929331

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic policies, income inequality, international monetary fund, transition economies

Articles reviewing IMF research on dollarization and on the relationship between macroeconomic policies and income distribution; country/area study: The Euro Area; summaries of Second Annual IMF Research Conference...

Dollarization

Dollarization »

Source: IMF Research Bulletin, March 2002

Volume/Issue: 3/1

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451929331

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic policies, income inequality, international monetary fund, transition economies

Articles reviewing IMF research on dollarization and on the relationship between macroeconomic policies and income distribution; country/area study: The Euro Area; summaries of Second Annual IMF Research Conference...

Reform and Growth in China: New challenges for policymakers in the wake of earlier successes

Reform and Growth in China: New challenges for policymakers in the wake of earlier successes »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth

Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth »

Source: Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth : A Conceptual and Empirical Review

Volume/Issue: 1991/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delano Villanueva , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

ISBN: 9781451844566

Keywords: economic growth, gnp, growth rate, terms of trade, per capita income

This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical aspects of the relationship between macroeconomic policies and the long-run rate of growth of GNP. The macroeconomic policies examined include fiscal policies, monet...

Were Bid-Ask Spreads in the Foreign Exchange Market Excessive During the Asian Crisis?

Were Bid-Ask Spreads in the Foreign Exchange Market Excessive During the Asian Crisis? »

Source: Were Bid-Ask Spreads in the Foreign Exchange Market Excessive During the Asian Crisis?

Volume/Issue: 2005/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860535

Keywords: market microstructure, bid-ask spreads, Asian crisis, exchange rate, pre-crisis, pre- crisis,

Bid-ask spreads for Asian emerging market currencies increased sharply during the Asian crisis. A key question is whether such wide spreads were excessive or explained by models of bid-ask spreads. Precrisis estima...