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Chapter 20. Macroeconomic Implications of Pension Reform in Brazil

Chapter 20. Macroeconomic Implications of Pension Reform in Brazil »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction The long-term challenges facing Brazil’s pension system are well documented. Recognizing these challenges, the authorities have sought to advance reforms. Much of the de...

Asian Financial Integration

Asian Financial Integration »

Source: Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries »

Source: Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455200825

Keywords: credibility, effectiveness, cyclicality, fiscal impulse, exchange rate, fiscal expansion, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Across a sample of thirty four emerging countries, the evidence shows the frequent existence of a pro-cyclical fiscal impulse. However, the scope for countercyclical policy increases with the availability of intern...

The Millennium Development Goals, Capacity Building, and the Role of the IMF

The Millennium Development Goals, Capacity Building, and the Role of the IMF »

Source: The Millennium Development Goals, Capacity Building, and the Role of the IMF

Volume/Issue: 2003/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451854190

Keywords: Capacity Building, standards, standards and codes, training centers, regional training centers, training programs, Development Planning and Policy: General,

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) represent a global commitment to improve economic and social conditions in low-income countries. Capacity building is key to promoting higher economic growth, which, in turn,...

Tracking Chinese Inflation’s Effects on United States and Japan

Tracking Chinese Inflation’s Effects on United States and Japan »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 35/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451968477

Keywords: financial sector, international monetary fund, Budget Policy And Planning, Macroeconomic Policy, Responsibility, Seigniorage (finance),

Seminar on preventing crises; Country briefs: Hong Kong SAR and Brazil; France's labor market reform; Seigniorage and governance; Chinese inflation; China's monetary policy; Mekong regional integration; Scaling up...

Forum: China Explores Options for Improving Monetary Policy

Forum: China Explores Options for Improving Monetary Policy »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 35, Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 35/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451968477

Keywords: financial sector, international monetary fund, Budget Policy And Planning, Macroeconomic Policy, Responsibility, Seigniorage (finance),

Seminar on preventing crises; Country briefs: Hong Kong SAR and Brazil; France's labor market reform; Seigniorage and governance; Chinese inflation; China's monetary policy; Mekong regional integration; Scaling up...

Refocusing the Fund: A Review of James M. Boughton’s Silent Revolution: The International Monetary Fund, 1979-1989

Refocusing the Fund: A Review of James M. Boughton’s Silent Revolution: The International Monetary Fund, 1979-1989 »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 50, No. 2

Volume: 50

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2003

ISBN: 9781589062023

Keywords: tfp, production function, aggregate production function, standard errors, constant returns

This paper examines sources of economic growth in East Asia. The conventional growth-accounting approach to estimating the sources of economic growth requires unrealistically strong assumptions about either competi...

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings »

Source: Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings : The Recent Experience of Emerging Markets and Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 2007/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sunil Sharma , Woon Choi , and Maria Strömqvist

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867152

Keywords: sovereign liquidity, stockpiling motive, panel data, net capital flows, net capital, capital markets,

This paper examines the interaction between capital flows and international reserve holdings in the context of increasing financial integration. For emerging markets the sensitivity of reserves to net capital flows...

At a glance: IMF financial data

At a glance: IMF financial data »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 11

Volume/Issue: 34/11

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451938661

Keywords: international monetary fund, emerging economies, world trade, global economy

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

In Brief

In Brief »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2009

Volume/Issue: 46/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451953688

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial markets, financial system, external debt, financial sector

Crisis Stalls Globalization: Reshaping the World Economy" examines the multiple facets of the recession-from the impact on individual economies to the effect on the global payments imbalances that were partially at...