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Reform and Growth in China: New challenges for policymakers in the wake of earlier successes

Reform and Growth in China: New challenges for policymakers in the wake of earlier successes »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

The Role of the Public Sector in the Market Economies of Developing Asia

The Role of the Public Sector in the Market Economies of Developing Asia »

Source: The Role of the Public Sector in the Market Economies of Developing Asia : General Lessons for the Current Debt Strategy

Volume/Issue: 1988/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

ISBN: 9781451928266

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, public spending, foreign debt, tax revenue

This paper pursues several objectives. First, it presents a sketch of a positive (or real-world) theory of public sector intervention. Second, it analyzes in some detail the activity of the public sector in nine ma...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Source: Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...