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Middle East and Central Asia

Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

Côte d’Ivoire

Côte d’Ivoire »

Source: Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative: Preliminary Document

Volume/Issue: 2009/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451807912

Keywords: debt relief, debt service, external debt, traditional debt relief

This paper discusses Côte d'Ivoire's preliminary assessment of eligibility for assistance under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative. The March 2007 Ouagadougou Political Accord provides a roadma...

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/294

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463904852

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, external debt, current account, central bank

The reports highlights that, even though the Russian economy has started reviving from the crisis, growth has been moderate and inflation high. Executive Directors have advised that the focus should be on reducing...

The Cost of Aggressive Sovereign Debt Policies

The Cost of Aggressive Sovereign Debt Policies »

Source: The Cost of Aggressive Sovereign Debt Policies : How Much is theprivate Sector Affected?

Volume/Issue: 2009/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Trebesch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871760

Keywords: Sovereign Default, Reputation Spillovers, debt policies, debt crisis, external borrowing,

This paper proposes a new empirical measure of cooperative versus conflictual crisis resolution following sovereign default and debt distress. The index of government coerciveness is presented as a proxy for excusa...

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe : Debt Relief at the Completion Point Under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative and Under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative

Volume/Issue: 2007/173

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451835137

Keywords: debt service, debt sustainability, Sao Tome and Principe,

This paper examines the consideration of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe's debt relief at the completion point under the enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries and Debt Relief unde...

Emerging Markets in Transition

Emerging Markets in Transition »

Source: Emerging Markets in Transition : Growth Prospects and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2014/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luis Cubeddu , Alexander Culiuc , Ghada Fayad , Yuan Gao , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , Ceyda Oner , Roberto Perrelli , Sarah Sanya , Evridiki Tsounta , and Zhongxia Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498327664

Keywords: Emerging markets, growth, potential growth, convergence, heterogeneity, structural reform, productivity, terms of trade, trading partners, commodity prices

After a short-lived slowdown in the immediate aftermath of the global financial crisis and a swift rebound, emerging markets (EM) are now entering a period of slower growth. In fact, growth is now lower than the po...

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap »

Source: Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Volume/Issue: 2013/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Romain Duval , Damien Puy , Yiqun Wu , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484330647

Keywords: growth, slowdown, middle income trap, Bayesian Model Averaging, per capita income, export diversification, gdp per capita, trade openness, growth rates, Bayesian Analysis

The “middle-income trap” is the phenomenon of hitherto rapidly growing economies stagnating at middle-income levels and failing to graduate into the ranks of high-income countries. In this study we ex...

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries »

Source: ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982107

Keywords: ICT, technology, equipment investment, technological progress, trade data, technological advances, information technology, net exports, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One

While production of ICT equipment plays a subordinate role for economic growth in most of these countries, they do benefit from capital deepening arising from falling prices of ICT equipment. Adapting established g...

Trade Openness and Volatility

Trade Openness and Volatility »

Source: Trade Openness and Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2008/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , and Julian Di Giovanni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870046

Keywords: Output Volatility, Specialization, Comovement, Sector-Level Data, trade openness, aggregate volatility, correlation, equation, output growth,

This paper examines the mechanisms through which output volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel dataset of manufacturing production and trade. The main results are threefold. First, se...