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Resources and Incentives to Reform

Resources and Incentives to Reform »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 50, No. 2

Volume: 50

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2003

ISBN: 9781589062023

Keywords: tfp, production function, aggregate production function, standard errors, constant returns

This paper examines sources of economic growth in East Asia. The conventional growth-accounting approach to estimating the sources of economic growth requires unrealistically strong assumptions about either competi...

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings »

Source: Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings : The Recent Experience of Emerging Markets and Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 2007/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sunil Sharma , Woon Choi , and Maria Strömqvist

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867152

Keywords: sovereign liquidity, stockpiling motive, panel data, net capital flows, net capital, capital markets,

This paper examines the interaction between capital flows and international reserve holdings in the context of increasing financial integration. For emerging markets the sensitivity of reserves to net capital flows...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis

East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis »

Source: East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 1998/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): N. Crafts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451855883

Keywords: tfp, economic growth, capital markets, growth rates, real gdp

This paper surveys the literature on the growth performance of the east Asian economies in recent decades, evaluates the sustainability of that performance, and provides a preliminary assessment of their long-term...

Growth in East Asia

Growth in East Asia »

Source: Growth in East Asia : What We Can and What We Cannot Infer From it

Volume/Issue: 1995/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451852080

Keywords: growth rates, economic growth, growth rate, growth accounting, estimation period

This paper examines the different arguments raised by the studies that addressed the East Asian growth experience. The original arguments presented in this paper are all on the negative side, highlighting problems...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Source: Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Institutions Rule

Institutions Rule »

Source: Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Source: Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...

Asian Financial Integration

Asian Financial Integration »

Source: Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Source: Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...