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Internationalization of Emerging Market Currencies

Internationalization of Emerging Market Currencies »

Source: Internationalization of Emerging Market Currencies : A Balance Between Risks and Rewards

Volume/Issue: 2011/17

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Faisal Ahmed , Shengzu Wang , Isabelle Mateos y Lago , Samar Maziad , Stephanie Segal , Pascal Farahmand , and Udaibir Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463926526

Keywords: Emerging markets, International monetary system, Currency internationalization, financial markets, international currencies, domestic financial markets, international currency, capital account liberalization,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Capítulo II. Repercusiones Mundiales del Déficit Fiscal de Estados Unidos y del Crecimiento Económico de China

Capítulo II. Repercusiones Mundiales del Déficit Fiscal de Estados Unidos y del Crecimiento Económico de China »

Source: Perspectivas de la economía mundial, abril de 2004 : Hacia las reformas estructurales

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2004

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589063396

El presente capítulo consta de dos ensayos: en el primero se examinan las repercusiones mundiales del déficit fiscal de Estados Unidos, y en el segundo el efecto de la nueva presencia de China en la economía...

Chapter 2. Country and Regional Perspectives

Chapter 2. Country and Regional Perspectives »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2014 : Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484308349

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, real interest rates, gdp growth, real rates

The global recovery is expected to strengthen, led by advanced economies. Growth in emerging market and developing economies is expected to pick up only modestly. The balance of risks to global...

Chapter 1. Recent Developments and Prospects

Chapter 1. Recent Developments and Prospects »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2014 : Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484308349

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, real interest rates, gdp growth, real rates

Global activity strengthened during the second half of 2013 and is expected to improve further in 2014–15. The impulse has come mainly from advanced economies, although their recoveries remain u...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2014 : Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484308349

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, real interest rates, gdp growth, real rates

The Statistical Appendix presents historical data as well as projections. It comprises six sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, General Features and Compositi...

Chapter 3. Perspectives on Global Real Interest Rates

Chapter 3. Perspectives on Global Real Interest Rates »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2014 : Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484308349

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, real interest rates, gdp growth, real rates

Real interest rates worldwide have declined substantially since the 1980s and are now in slightly negative territory. Common factors account for much of these movements, highlighting the relevan...

Chapter 4. Making Trade an Engine of Development

Chapter 4. Making Trade an Engine of Development »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Evidence indicates that sub-Saharan Africa is performing below its export potential. Its export growth derives both from fuels and manufactures, but manufactures are confined to a few resource-based products...

Chapter 21. A Path to Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in the Republic of Congo

Chapter 21. A Path to Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in the Republic of Congo »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter addresses the issue of fiscal consolidation design in an oil-dependent country, the Republic of Congo, with a limited remaining lifetime of oil reserves and...

Chapter 14. The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited: Evidence for Developing Countries

Chapter 14. The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited: Evidence for Developing Countries »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The negative economic and environmental effects of fuel subsidies are widely recognized. 1 But these subsidies are also undesirable fro...

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

Global growth slowed again during the second quarter of 2012 after rebounding during the first. The slowing has been observed in all regions. This synchronicity suggests an importan...