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Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

Protectionist Responses to the Crisis

Protectionist Responses to the Crisis »

Source: Protectionist Responses to the Crisis : Damage Observed in Product-Level Trade

Volume/Issue: 2011/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brad McDonald , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455265442

Keywords: Global Crisis, First-differenced Gravity Equation, Time-varying Fixed Effects, WTO, trade impact, import restrictions, trade flows, global trade, world trade, Trade: General

This paper investigates how trade flows are being affected by new discriminatory measures implemented during the global financial crisis. We match data on behind-the-border measures (e.g., bailouts and subsidies) a...

Internationalization of Emerging Market Currencies

Internationalization of Emerging Market Currencies »

Source: Internationalization of Emerging Market Currencies : A Balance Between Risks and Rewards

Volume/Issue: 2011/17

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Faisal Ahmed , Shengzu Wang , Isabelle Mateos y Lago , Samar Maziad , Stephanie Segal , Pascal Farahmand , and Udaibir Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463926526

Keywords: Emerging markets, International monetary system, Currency internationalization, financial markets, international currencies, domestic financial markets, international currency, capital account liberalization,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage »

Source: Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage : Are there Growth Spillovers?

Volume/Issue: 2011/267

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Issouf Samaké , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463924669

Keywords: low-income countries, BRICs, Global VAR, Structural VAR, exporters, commodity prices, oil exporters, commodity exporters, oil prices, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models

Trade and financial ties between low-income countries (LICs) and Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRICs) have expanded rapidly in recent years. This gives rise to the potential for growth to spill over from the la...

Cote D'ivoire

Cote D'ivoire »

Source: Cote D'ivoire : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/124

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451807844

Keywords: balance of payments, debt service, external debt, debt stock, public debt

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Cote d'Ivoire

Cote d'Ivoire »

Source: Cote d'Ivoire : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1996/135

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451807882

Keywords: debt service, external debt, public debt, gross domestic product, balance of payments

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire »

Source: Côte d'Ivoire : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2000/107

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2000

ISBN: 9781451807851

Keywords: world prices, balance of payments, public debt, external debt, domestic savings

Cote d'lvoire adopted an IMF-supported program in early 1994 following the devaluation of the CFA franc. Under this program, progress was made in reducing financial imbalances, controlling inflation, liberalizing t...

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/294

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463904852

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, external debt, current account, central bank

The reports highlights that, even though the Russian economy has started reviving from the crisis, growth has been moderate and inflation high. Executive Directors have advised that the focus should be on reducing...

Côte d'Ivoire

Côte d'Ivoire »

Source: Côte d'Ivoire : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/46

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451807837

Keywords: export tax, debt service, export price, producer prices, public debt

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix examines performance of Cote d'lvoire under the 1994-96 programs. The paper highlights that the government's medium-term adjustment strategy for 1994-96, which wa...