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The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis »

Source: Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2014/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Lane , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498339216

Keywords: Global crisis, Current account adjustment, current account, current account balance, current account balances,

This paper has two objectives. First, it reviews the recent dynamics of global imbalances (both 'flow' and 'stock' imbalances), with a special focus on the shifting position of Latin America in the global distribut...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights »

Source: Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Volume/Issue: 2007/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stanley Watt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867251

Keywords: Firm Heterogeneity, Intellectual Property Rights, r &;amp; d, standard errors, equation, outlier, probability,

In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation of proprietary technology by domestic firms has become a deterrent for foreign investment. Different multinationals may view this deterrent dif...

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows »

Source: If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2015/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

ISBN: 9781498367196

Keywords: Fed liftoffs, policy responses, policy framework, emerging market economies, interest, market, portfolio, interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

After more than six years of ultra-low interest rates, a Fed liftoff (rate hike) is just a matter of time. This paper goes back to history to understand the spillover effect - or what is termed in the paper as the...

II Global Repercussions of the Asian Crisis and Other Issues in the Current Conjuncture

II Global Repercussions of the Asian Crisis and Other Issues in the Current Conjuncture »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1998 : Financial Crises: Causes and Indicators

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757401

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rates, current account, debtor countries

The financial and foreign exchange market crises in Asia continued to worsen after completion of the World Economic Outlook: Interim Assessment published in mid-December 1997. The Interim assessment emphasiz...

II Issues in the Current Conjuncture

II Issues in the Current Conjuncture »

Source: World Economic Outlook : A survey by the staff of the International Monetary Fund: October 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 1997

ISBN: 9781557756817

Keywords: exchange rate, debt, interest, inflation, debtor countries

Prospects for the global economy as a whole are little changed from the May 1997 World Economic Outlook (Table 1). World output growth is projected to edge up to 4¼...

CHAPTER III TRANSITION: EXPERIENCE AND POLICY ISSUES

CHAPTER III TRANSITION: EXPERIENCE AND POLICY ISSUES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2000 : Focus on Transition Economies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759757

Keywords: debt, interest, transition economies, payments, accession countries

The rise and subsequent failure of central planning ranks among the most significant events in the twentieth century, posing major challenges to both economic theory and policy from Prague to Beijing....

CHAPTER IV ACCESSION OF TRANSITION ECONOMIES TO THE EUROPEAN UNION: PROSPECTS AND PRESSURES

CHAPTER IV ACCESSION OF TRANSITION ECONOMIES TO THE EUROPEAN UNION: PROSPECTS AND PRESSURES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2000 : Focus on Transition Economies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759757

Keywords: debt, interest, transition economies, payments, accession countries

The first decade of transition for the countries of central and eastern Europe and the Baltics (CEECs) was marked by a substantial reorientation of their economic and institutional focus toward western Europ...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook : A survey by the staff of the International Monetary Fund: October 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 1997

ISBN: 9781557756817

Keywords: exchange rate, debt, interest, inflation, debtor countries

The statistical appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises four sections: Assumptions, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries...