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What Drives China's Growing Role in Africa?

What Drives China's Growing Role in Africa? »

Source: What Drives China's Growing Role in Africa?

Volume/Issue: 2007/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867756

Keywords: loans, debt, debt relief, terms of trade, interest

What role does China play in Africa's development? What drives China's increasing economic involvement in the continent? This paper attempts to provide a quantified assessment of China's multifaceted influence as m...

Middle East and Central Asia

Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

Regulating Local Government Financing Vehicles and Public-Private Partnerships in China

Regulating Local Government Financing Vehicles and Public-Private Partnerships in China »

Source: Regulating Local Government Financing Vehicles and Public-Private Partnerships in China

Volume/Issue: 2016/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui Jin , and Isabel Rial

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536768

Keywords: fiscal risk, public investment, subnational government

In this paper, we argue that there is much room for China to strengthen its regulatory framework for public-private partnerships (PPPs). We show that infrastructure projects carried out through local government fin...

The Global Welfare Impact of China

The Global Welfare Impact of China »

Source: The Global Welfare Impact of China : Trade Integration and Technological Change

Volume/Issue: 2012/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julian Di Giovanni , Jing Zhang , and Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502312

Keywords: productivity growth, trade costs, correlation, equation, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper evaluates the global welfare impact of China's trade integration and technological change in a quantitative Ricardian-Heckscher-Ohlin model implemented on 75 countries. We simulate two alternative produc...

Demographics and Interest Rates in Asia

Demographics and Interest Rates in Asia »

Source: Demographics and Interest Rates in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2018/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , Jaewoo Lee , and Umang Rawat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484370308

Keywords: demographics, interest rates, capital account openness

Demographic developments have been regarded as one important cause of the long-term movement in global interest rates. This paper provides empirical evidence of the relationship between demographics and interest ra...

Africa’s Rising Exposure to China: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?

Africa’s Rising Exposure to China: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade? »

Source: Africa's Rising Exposure to China : How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?

Volume/Issue: 2013/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , and Estelle Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484311318

Keywords: spillover, panel data, econometrics, export growth, exporters, oil exporters, total exports, General,

The rapid growth in China's domestic investment in recent decades has generated a large appetite for global goods, including from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This paper estimates the impact of changes in China's inve...

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1 »

Source: Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

Output Volatility and Large Output Drops in Emerging Market and Developing Countries

Output Volatility and Large Output Drops in Emerging Market and Developing Countries »

Source: Output Volatility and Large Output Drops in Emerging Market and Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451866780

Keywords: Output volatility, output drops, output growth, terms of trade, government spending,

This paper establishes that output volatility and the size of output drops have declined across all countries over the past three decades, but remain considerably higher in developing countries than in industrial c...

Global Rebalancing

Global Rebalancing »

Source: Global Rebalancing : Implications for Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2011/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463922610

Keywords: Global Rebalancing, low-income countries, terms of trade, commodity exporters, manufactured exports, exporters, export expansion, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Economywide Country Studies,

While global rebalancing will mainly involve structural realignment among major advanced and emerging market economies, it could have significant impact on low-income countries (LICs). Simulations using a global ge...

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility »

Source: Holding International Reserves in an Era of High Capital Mobility

Volume/Issue: 2002/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood , and Nancy Marion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848298

Keywords: capital mobility, reserve holdings, equation, skewness, central bank, statistics,

Why do countries hold so much international reserves? Global reserve holdings (excluding gold) were equivalent to 17 weeks of imports at the end of 1999. That is almost double what they were at the end of 1960 and...