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Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction A primary objective of public pension systems is to provide adequate levels of retirement income to ensure that people are not at risk of poverty in old age. On average,...

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter presents historical trends in and long-term projections of public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. 1...

Appendix 1

Appendix 1 »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2015

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

IMF Membership: Quotas, and Allocations and Holdings of SDRs (Millions of SDRs and percent; as of April 30, 2015)...

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Eastern European countries were among the pioneers in introducing mandatory privately funded schemes into their pension systems. Their approach to pension privatization,...

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction All European countries have arrangements in place to provide income to older people when they retire. Nowadays, spending on old-age pensions is one of the largest social...

Chapter 10. Pension Reforms in Japan: Options for Fiscal Sustainability

Chapter 10. Pension Reforms in Japan: Options for Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Japan is taking the global lead in population aging. Life expectancy at birth in the country has increased to 83 years, which is the highest in the world. The postwar ba...

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2014

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

The IMF resources are held in the General Department, which consists of three separate accounts: the General Resources Account (GRA), the Special Disbursement Account (SDA), and the Investment Account (IA)....

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations

2. Nonconcessional Financial Operations »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2015

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

The IMF resources are held in the General Department, which consists of three separate accounts: the General Resources Account (GRA), the Special Disbursement Account (SDA), and the Investment Account (IA)....

Chapter 5. Intergenerational Equity and the Gender Gap in Pension Issues

Chapter 5. Intergenerational Equity and the Gender Gap in Pension Issues »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter focuses on two of the many pension-related challenges facing most countries around the world: increasing intergenerational equity and reducing the still-pre...

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of governmen...