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CHAPTER 6: Containing Public Health Spending: Lessons from Experiences of Advanced Economies

CHAPTER 6: Containing Public Health Spending: Lessons from Experiences of Advanced Economies »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Public health spending in advanced economies is projected to rise by an average of 3 percentage points of GDP over the next 20 years and by 6½ percentage points of GDP in the next 4...

CHAPTER 2: Public Health Care Spending: Past Trends

CHAPTER 2: Public Health Care Spending: Past Trends »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

This chapter analyzes the health care spending trends of 27 advanced economies and 23 emerging economies over the past four decades. Total health expenditures have risen sharply dur...

CHAPTER 3: New Projections of Public Health Spending, 2010–50

CHAPTER 3: New Projections of Public Health Spending, 2010–50 »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Public health spending has been increasing rapidly in advanced economies, but there have been only modest increases in emerging economies in the past decades. Will these trends cont...

Chapter 25 Improving Transparency in Asian Banking Systems

Chapter 25 Improving Transparency in Asian Banking Systems »

Source: Asian Financial crises : Origins, implications and solutions

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451965476

Keywords: banking, debt, loans, interest, creditors

1. INTRODUCTION There is a perception that credit ratings are driven by financial accounting inputs and that ratings map into well-established ratios or other performance measures. T...

CHAPTER 9: Measuring the Health Effects of Health Care Reform

CHAPTER 9: Measuring the Health Effects of Health Care Reform »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

All countries around the world are struggling with the financial strain of rising health care costs. For example, public health care spending relative to GDP rose from 5.2 percent o...

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction A primary objective of public pension systems is to provide adequate levels of retirement income to ensure that people are not at risk of poverty in old age. On average,...

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter presents historical trends in and long-term projections of public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. 1...

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Eastern European countries were among the pioneers in introducing mandatory privately funded schemes into their pension systems. Their approach to pension privatization,...

Chapter 9 Sovereign Wealth Funds and Recipient-Country Investment Policies: OECD Perspectives

Chapter 9 Sovereign Wealth Funds and Recipient-Country Investment Policies: OECD Perspectives »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) have much to offer. They can contribute to the economic development of their home countries by, for example, helping to diversify income sources for commodity-dependent economie...

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction All European countries have arrangements in place to provide income to older people when they retire. Nowadays, spending on old-age pensions is one of the largest social...