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People's Republic of China

People's Republic of China »

Source: People's Republic of China : Tax Policy and Employment Creation

Volume/Issue: 2018/92

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484349229

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

Tax Policy and Employment Creation...

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in R...

Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates

Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates »

Source: Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates : A Study of the Renminbi

Volume/Issue: 2012/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Prachi Mishra , and Aaditya Mattoo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502626

Keywords: spillover, exchange rate, exporter, exporters, real exchange rate, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

This paper estimates the impact of China's exchange rate changes on exports of competitor countries in third markets, which we call the "spillover effect". We use recent theory to develop an identification strategy...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers »

Source: Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2015/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Andrei Leonidov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513542928

Keywords: shocks, spillover, network, balance of payments, imports, import, trading partners, Neural Networks and Related Topics, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics

This paper proposes a method for assessing international spillovers from nominal demand shocks. It quantifies the impact of a shock in one country on all other countries. The paper concludes that the network effect...

Characterizing Exchange Rate Regimes in Post-Crisis East Asia

Characterizing Exchange Rate Regimes in Post-Crisis East Asia »

Source: Characterizing Exchange Rate Regimes in Post-Crisis East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2001/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451857092

Keywords: exchange rate regime, volatility, Asian crisis, exchange rate, exchange rates, random walk, exchange rate volatility, standard deviation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper examines the behavior of the exchange rates of selected emerging market East Asian economies in the aftermath of the Asian crisis. The results suggest that movements in the Asia-5 currencies (Indonesia,...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis »

Source: Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2014/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Lane , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498339216

Keywords: Global crisis, Current account adjustment, current account, current account balance, current account balances,

This paper has two objectives. First, it reviews the recent dynamics of global imbalances (both 'flow' and 'stock' imbalances), with a special focus on the shifting position of Latin America in the global distribut...

Mundell-Fleming Lecture: Exchange Rate Systems, Surveillance, and Advice

Mundell-Fleming Lecture: Exchange Rate Systems, Surveillance, and Advice »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 3

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2008

ISBN: 9781589067240

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, monetary fund, foreign exchange, inflation

This special issue on exchange rates is drawn from the Eighth Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference held at the International Monetary Fund in Washington in November 2007. The Mundell-Fleming Lecture by Stanley...