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Institutions Rule

Institutions Rule »

Source: Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow"

And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow" »

Source: And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow" : Further Quest for Economic Growth in Poor Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Beaugrand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451846003

Keywords: Growth, Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Schumpeter, J.A., economic growth, entrepreneurs, per capita income, J.A,

The paper reviews the “stylized facts” on economic growth gathered by Easterly and Levine in their 2001 joint paper and illustrates some of the points made on the basis of data from the IMF’s W...

Spillovers to Low-Income Countries

Spillovers to Low-Income Countries »

Source: Spillovers to Low-Income Countries : Importance of Systemic Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2012/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Raphael Espinoza , and Sarwat Jahan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937102

Keywords: Growth Spillovers, Low-Income Countries, Decoupling, Panel Estimate, real gdp, gdp growth, commodity prices, commodity exporters, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper documents the expanding economic linkages between low-income countries (LICs) and a narrow group of "Emerging Market leaders" that have become major players in regional and global trade and financial flo...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 »

Source: Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

Mundell-Fleming Lecture: Exchange Rate Systems, Surveillance, and Advice

Mundell-Fleming Lecture: Exchange Rate Systems, Surveillance, and Advice »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 3

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2008

ISBN: 9781589067240

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, monetary fund, foreign exchange, inflation

This special issue on exchange rates is drawn from the Eighth Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference held at the International Monetary Fund in Washington in November 2007. The Mundell-Fleming Lecture by Stanley...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Business Cycle Patterns

Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Business Cycle Patterns »

Source: Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa's Business Cycle Patterns

Volume/Issue: 2014/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oumar Diallo , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2014

ISBN: 9781484306598

Keywords: Business Cycle Synchronicity, and the BRICs., trade intensity, trading partners, industry trade, impact of trade, General,

This paper assesses the extent to which Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)'s business cycle is synchronized with that of the rest of the world (RoW). Findings suggest that SSA's business cycle has not only moved in the same...

Côte d’Ivoire

Côte d’Ivoire »

Source: Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries: Decision Point Document

Volume/Issue: 2009/190

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451807950

Keywords: debt relief, debt service, debt sustainability

This paper examines Côte d'Ivoire's debt sustainability analysis undertaken in connection with the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The crisis years led to a substantial increase in poverty...

Global Business Cycles

Global Business Cycles »

Source: Global Business Cycles : Convergence or Decoupling?

Volume/Issue: 2008/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayhan Kose , Eswar Prasad , and Christopher Otrok

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870015

Keywords: macroeconomic fluctuations, convergence, decoupling, business cycle, globalization period, business cycle fluctuations,

This paper analyzes the evolution of the degree of global cyclical interdependence over the period 1960-2005. We categorize the 106 countries in our sample into three groups-industrial countries, emerging markets,...