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Africa in the Doha Round

Africa in the Doha Round »

Source: Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity »

Source: Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Chapter 16. The Redistributive Impact of Government Spending on Education and Health: Evidence from Thirteen Developing Countries in the Commitment to Equity Project

Chapter 16. The Redistributive Impact of Government Spending on Education and Health: Evidence from Thirteen Developing Countries in the Commitment to Equity Project »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Two key indicators of a government’s (or society’s) commitment to equalizing opportunities and reducing poverty and social exclusion are the share of total income devote...

Appendix 2. Additional Tables and Figures

Appendix 2. Additional Tables and Figures »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Table A1. Export Shares of Major Product Categories, 1995 and 2005 (In percent, ranked by 2005 shares)...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

Chapter 2: Evolution of Sub-Saharan African Trade Patterns through 2005

Chapter 2: Evolution of Sub-Saharan African Trade Patterns through 2005 »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Trade Patterns by Destination The share of sub-Saharan Africa’s exports to developing countries has more than doubled since 1990. As Asia industrializes, its demand for natural resou...

Chapter 12. Targeting and Indirect Tax Design

Chapter 12. Targeting and Indirect Tax Design »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This short paper considers a perennial concern in the design of indirect taxation: whether a reduced rate of value-added tax (VAT) (or sales tax more generally) on commo...

Chapter 4. Making Trade an Engine of Development

Chapter 4. Making Trade an Engine of Development »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Evidence indicates that sub-Saharan Africa is performing below its export potential. Its export growth derives both from fuels and manufactures, but manufactures are confined to a few resource-based products...

Fixed or Flexible?: Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Fixed or Flexible?: Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s »

Source: Fixed or Flexible : Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756923

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, exchange rates, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate arrangements

Analysts agree that “getting the exchange rate right” is essential for economic stability and growth in developing countries. Over the past two decades, many developing countries have shifted away from fixed...

3. Financial Assistance for Low-Income Countries

3. Financial Assistance for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2014

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

The IMF’s financial assistance for low-income countries (LICs) is composed of concessional loans and debt relief. Concessional lending began in the 1970s and has expanded since. In July 2009, the IM...