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Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

The Global Financial Crisis

The Global Financial Crisis »

Source: The Global Financial Crisis : An Anatomy of Global Growth

Volume/Issue: 2013/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Troy Matheson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484362013

Keywords: Growth Synchronization, global shocks, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic shocks, pre-crisis, Bayesian Analysis, Time-Series Models, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The global financial crisis was a stark reminder of the importance of cross-country linkages in the global economy. We document growth synchronization across a diverse group of 185 countries covering 7 regions, and...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 »

Source: Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth

Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth »

Source: Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth : A Conceptual and Empirical Review

Volume/Issue: 1991/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delano Villanueva , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

ISBN: 9781451844566

Keywords: economic growth, gnp, growth rate, terms of trade, per capita income

This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical aspects of the relationship between macroeconomic policies and the long-run rate of growth of GNP. The macroeconomic policies examined include fiscal policies, monet...

Rising Income Inequality

Rising Income Inequality »

Source: Rising Income Inequality : Technology, or Trade and Financial Globalization?

Volume/Issue: 2008/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Subir Lall , and Florence Jaumotte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870435

Keywords: mechanisms, trade globalization, financial globalization, technological progress, FDI., tariff rate, trade liberalization, FDI,

We examine the relationship between trade and financial globalization and the rise in inequality in most countries in recent decades. We find technological progress as having a greater impact than globalization on...

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries »

Source: ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982107

Keywords: ICT, technology, equipment investment, technological progress, trade data, technological advances, information technology, net exports, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One

While production of ICT equipment plays a subordinate role for economic growth in most of these countries, they do benefit from capital deepening arising from falling prices of ICT equipment. Adapting established g...

Appendix IV: Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1981

Appendix IV: Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1981 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

Director Alternate Cast...

Appendix V: Changes in Membership of Executive Board

Appendix V: Changes in Membership of Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 1980 and April 30, 1981 were as follows: D. Lakshman Kannangara (Sri Lanka) was appointed Alternate Executive...

Appendix VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1997

Appendix VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1997 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

Director Alternate Casting Votes of...

Appendix VIII Changes in Membership of Executive Board

Appendix VIII Changes in Membership of Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 1996 and April 30, 1997 were as follows: Toshihiko Fukuyama (Japan) relinquished his duties as Alternate Executive Director to Hachiro Mes...