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12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective

12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Local taxes enhance the autonomy of local governments and their accountability. The joint effect is to enable citizens to influence the quantity and the mix of servi...

The Framework for Policymaking in the Fund

The Framework for Policymaking in the Fund »

Source: Fund and China in the international Monetary System (Hardcover)

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1999

ISBN: 9781451947830

Keywords: inflation, balance of payments, monetary system, international monetary system, monetary fund

At the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944, the framework for policymaking in the International Monetary Fund was the subject of considerable debate, which reflected the importance both of the tasks that would...

4 Trade Regimes and Export Strategies with Reference to South Asia

4 Trade Regimes and Export Strategies with Reference to South Asia »

Source: Beyond Adjustment : The Asian Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1988

ISBN: 9781557750006

Keywords: public enterprise, public enterprises, export promotion, export performance, balance of payments

I. Introduction The issue of structural adjustment and growth in developing countries essentially involves changes in domestic production possibilities relative to trade opportunitie...

III. CPIS Data of Individual Countries

III. CPIS Data of Individual Countries »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557756060

Keywords: direct investment, portfolio investment, investors, accrued interest, portfolio investments

ARGENTINA’S PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT ASSETS AT END-DECEMBER 1997 (in millions of US dollars) Country of Nonresident I...

Trade, Growth, and Poverty

Trade, Growth, and Poverty »

Source: Financial Globalization : The Impact on Trade, Policy, Labor, and Capital Flows

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589065710

Keywords: globalization, capital markets, capital account liberalization, financial globalization

How has the increased participation of many developing countries in international trade affected their economic growth rates, and what implications has this had for the internati...

Appendix 1

Appendix 1 »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2015

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

IMF Membership: Quotas, and Allocations and Holdings of SDRs (Millions of SDRs and percent; as of April 30, 2015)...

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As growth in several major emerging market economies has slowed, economists and investors alike have shown more interest in a second group of countries in Asia and beyond—the frontier economies. A number of...

The Paradox of Capital

The Paradox of Capital »

Source: Financial Globalization : The Impact on Trade, Policy, Labor, and Capital Flows

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589065710

Keywords: globalization, capital markets, capital account liberalization, financial globalization

Is foreign capital associated with economic growth and, if not, why does it flow “uphill”? Standard economic theory tells us that financial capita...

2 Social Safety Nets in Economic Reform

2 Social Safety Nets in Economic Reform »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

Social safety nets can be broadly defined as those instruments aimed at mitigating possible adverse effects of reform measures on the poor. These instruments include temporary arrangements, as well as existi...

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Fiscal adjustment, by its very nature, affects income inequality. It does so through the direct effect of tax increases and government spending cuts on disposable income...