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Rising Income Inequality

Rising Income Inequality »

Source: Rising Income Inequality : Technology, or Trade and Financial Globalization?

Volume/Issue: 2008/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Subir Lall , and Florence Jaumotte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870435

Keywords: mechanisms, trade globalization, financial globalization, technological progress, FDI., tariff rate, trade liberalization, FDI,

We examine the relationship between trade and financial globalization and the rise in inequality in most countries in recent decades. We find technological progress as having a greater impact than globalization on...

How Might a Disorderly Resolution of Global Imbalances Affect Global Wealth?

How Might a Disorderly Resolution of Global Imbalances Affect Global Wealth? »

Source: How Might a Disorderly Resolution of Global Imbalances Affect Global Wealth?

Volume/Issue: 2006/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Warnock

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864304

Keywords: U.S. asset holdings, global asset portfolios, disorderly currency adjustments, global current account imbalances, cpis, bonds, bond, bond markets, financial markets, International Lending and Debt Problems

Partly reflecting structural advantages such a liquidity and strong investor protection, foreigners have built up extremely large positions in U.S. (as well as other dollar-denominated) financial assets. This paper...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

Improving the Estimation Methodology of Monthly Data in Direction of Trade Statistics

Improving the Estimation Methodology of Monthly Data in Direction of Trade Statistics »

Source: Improving the Estimation Methodology of Monthly Data in Direction of Trade Statistics

Volume/Issue: 1994/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiaoning Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

ISBN: 9781451927467

Keywords: world trade, trade data, trade partners, trade figures, trade partner

The quality of the estimated data in DOTS depends on the availability and accuracy of direction of trade reports and the estimation methodology. Because of the low coverage of monthly reporting, the estimating proc...

The Global Financial Crisis

The Global Financial Crisis »

Source: The Global Financial Crisis : An Anatomy of Global Growth

Volume/Issue: 2013/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Troy Matheson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484362013

Keywords: Growth Synchronization, global shocks, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic shocks, pre-crisis, Bayesian Analysis, Time-Series Models, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The global financial crisis was a stark reminder of the importance of cross-country linkages in the global economy. We document growth synchronization across a diverse group of 185 countries covering 7 regions, and...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 »

Source: Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

Appendix IV: Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1981

Appendix IV: Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1981 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

Director Alternate Cast...

Appendix VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1997

Appendix VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1997 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

Director Alternate Casting Votes of...

Appendix IV. External Relations

Appendix IV. External Relations »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

As in recent years, in 1996/97 developments in the world economy kept the Fund frequently in the public eye. This entailed more extensive use of existing instruments to inform the public about the Fund and t...