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International sovereign bonds: IMF promotes wider use of collective action clauses

International sovereign bonds: IMF promotes wider use of collective action clauses »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 10

Volume/Issue: 32/10

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451932010

Keywords: capital flows, capital account, capital account liberalization, capital accounts, financial sector, <italic>IMF Economic Forum</italic>,

With the findings of a recent IMF staff study serving as a starting point, a panel of IMF staff and distinguished outside researchers on May 27 debated financial globalization&#x2019;s benefits and risks. Panelists...

Why Complementarity Matters for Stability—Hong Kong SAR and Singapore as Asian Financial Centers

Why Complementarity Matters for Stability—Hong Kong SAR and Singapore as Asian Financial Centers »

Source: Why Complementarity Matters for Stability-Hong Kong SAR and Singapore as Asian Financial Centers

Volume/Issue: 2014/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vanessa Le Lesle , Franziska Ohnsorge , Minsuk Kim , and Srikant Seshadri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498334464

Keywords: Networks, financial institutions and services, government policy and regulation, bond, financial stability, bond markets, financial institutions, hedge, General,

There is much speculation regarding a 'race for dominance' among financial centers in Asia, arising from the anticipated financial opening up of China. This frame of reference is, to an extent, a predilection that...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

Institutions Rule

Institutions Rule »

Source: Institutions Rule : The Primacy of Institutions over Integration and Geography in Economic Development

Volume/Issue: 2002/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Francesco Trebbi , and Dani Rodrik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859621

Keywords: Institutions, integration, geography, equation, statistics, dummy variable, equations, samples, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining cross-country income levels using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that t...

Asian Financial Integration

Asian Financial Integration »

Source: Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction All European countries have arrangements in place to provide income to older people when they retire. Nowadays, spending on old-age pensions is one of the largest social...

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter presents historical trends in and long-term projections of public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. 1...

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits

Chapter 4. Pension Reform and Equity: The Impact on Poverty of Reducing Pension Benefits »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction A primary objective of public pension systems is to provide adequate levels of retirement income to ensure that people are not at risk of poverty in old age. On average,...

Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s »

Source: Fixed or Flexible? Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Francesco Caramazza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 1998

ISBN: 9781455220038

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, exchange rates, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate arrangements

Analysts agree that “getting the exchange rate right” is essential for economic stability and growth in developing countries. Over the past two decades, many developing countries ha...

Fixed or Flexible?: Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Fixed or Flexible?: Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s »

Source: Fixed or Flexible : Getting the Exchange Rate Right in the 1990s

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756923

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, exchange rates, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate arrangements

Analysts agree that “getting the exchange rate right” is essential for economic stability and growth in developing countries. Over the past two decades, many developing countries have shifted away from fixed...