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Bicycles, Rickshaws, and Carts in Asian Cities

Bicycles, Rickshaws, and Carts in Asian Cities »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1992

Volume/Issue: 29/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451952094

Keywords: debt reduction, debt crisis, capital markets, international capital markets, international capital

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Source: Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

The Mexican Financial Crisis

The Mexican Financial Crisis »

Source: The Mexican Financial Crisis : A Test of the Resilience of the Markets for Developing Country Securities

Volume/Issue: 1995/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shogo Ishii , and David Andrew

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451855326

Keywords: bond issues, bond, bonds, international bond issues, international bond

This paper reviews developments in private capital flows to developing countries since the Mexican financial crisis in December 1994. The paper points out that a strong recovery in these flows masks some significan...

Shifting Motives

Shifting Motives »

Source: Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

APPENDIX

APPENDIX »

Source: International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

Appendix1. Quotas and Voting Power As of January 18, 2007 Countries...