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Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Despite Asia’s progress over the past several decades in closing gender gaps in education, health, economic, and political outcomes, women and girls continue to encounter barriers relative to men. Gender gap...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

This appendix comprises four sections. Data and Conventions provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. Fiscal Policy Assumptions summarizes the cou...

Chapter 1. China’s Economic Success and Reforms: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Chapter 1. China’s Economic Success and Reforms: Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

China matters as never before. It is now the second largest economy in the world—and the largest in purchasing power parity. Even at half its historical economic growth rate, it con...

Chapter 8. Capital Account Opening and Capital Flow Management

Chapter 8. Capital Account Opening and Capital Flow Management »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

China is the world’s leading trading nation. Yet, remarkably, it is much less well integrated with the global financial system, and the country’s extensive controls on international capital flows are an impo...

Chapter 9. Renminbi Internationalization

Chapter 9. Renminbi Internationalization »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

The current role of emerging market currencies in the international monetary system is limited. However, the increasing importance of emerging markets in the global economy suggests that these currencies cou...

Chapter 4. A Medium-Term Expenditure Framework for More Effective Fiscal Policy

Chapter 4. A Medium-Term Expenditure Framework for More Effective Fiscal Policy »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

China has made modernizing its fiscal framework a key reform priority. This comes at a critical time as the country continues to move toward a more market-based allocation of resources and a greater role for...

Chapter 7. Interest Rate Transmission in a New Monetary Policy Framework

Chapter 7. Interest Rate Transmission in a New Monetary Policy Framework »

Source: Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2017

ISBN: 9781513539942

Keywords: Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure, institutions, rebalancing

China’s 13th Five-Year Plan highlighted the need for transition to a market-based monetary policy framework. The transition will involve changing the intermediate target of monetary policy from measures of m...

Chapter 1. Debt: Use It Wisely

Chapter 1. Debt: Use It Wisely »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2016 : Debt: Use It Wisely

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Marialuz Moreno Badia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

ISBN: 9781513560601

Keywords: Debt, deleveraging, debt overhang, fiscal policy, financial crisis, recovery, debt levels, advanced economies, emerging market economies, private-sector debt

Introduction The global gross debt of the nonfinancial sector has more than doubled in nominal terms since the turn of the century, reaching $152 trillion in 2015....