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Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2013/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , and Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484331613

Keywords: Informal economy, latent variable, Caucasus and Central Asia, labor market, employment, labor force, self employment, total employment, General, Structure and Scope of Government

This study estimates the size of the informal economy, and the relative contribution of each underlying factor, for the Caucasus and Central Asia countries in 2008. Using a Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause model,...

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia : Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration

Volume/Issue: 2018/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Phil De Imus , Edward Gemayel , Risto Herrala , Alexei Kireyev , and Farid Talishli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484358177

Keywords: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic integration, Economic integration, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Tajikistan, Trade liberalization

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries are at an important juncture in their economic transition. Following significant economic progress during the 2000s, recent external shocks have revealed the underlying...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...