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Appendix 1

Appendix 1 »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2015

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

IMF Membership: Quotas, and Allocations and Holdings of SDRs (Millions of SDRs and percent; as of April 30, 2015)...

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Fiscal adjustment, by its very nature, affects income inequality. It does so through the direct effect of tax increases and government spending cuts on disposable income...

Chapter 15. Equity Considerations in the Design of Public Pension Systems

Chapter 15. Equity Considerations in the Design of Public Pension Systems »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Public pension systems are key instruments of social policy: they prevent poverty after retirement and limit the difference between pre- and postretirement consumption l...

Chapter 17. Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization, and Transfer Dependency

Chapter 17. Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization, and Transfer Dependency »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Within the context of reigniting postcrisis macroeconomic growth, income inequality has emerged as a topic of significant interest for both academics and policymakers (B...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options

Chapter 4. Fiscal Redistribution in Developing Countries: Overview of Policy Issues and Options »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction The developing world has experienced sustained economic growth and poverty reduction during the past two decades. Globally, income inequality has also been on a steady d...

Chapter 11. Taxing Immovable Property: Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges

Chapter 11. Taxing Immovable Property: Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Property taxes are widely regarded as an efficient and equitable means of raising revenue, but this revenue potential is largely untapped in many countries....

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies*

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Low- and lower-middle-income countries contribute only about 12 percent of glob...

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality

Chapter 6. Functional Income Distribution and Its Role in Explaining Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In the years preceding the global economic and financial crisis, analysts and policymakers wondered about diverging trends between aggregate measures of economic perform...

3. Financial Assistance for Low-Income Countries

3. Financial Assistance for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2014

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

The IMF’s financial assistance for low-income countries (LICs) is composed of concessional loans and debt relief. Concessional lending began in the 1970s and has expanded since. In July 2009, the IM...

3. Financial Assistance for Low-Income Countries

3. Financial Assistance for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Financial Operations 2015

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

The IMF’s financial assistance for low-income countries (LICs) is composed of concessional loans and debt relief. Concessional lending began in the 1970s and has expanded since. In July 2009, the IM...