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A problem to everv solution

A problem to everv solution »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1985

Volume/Issue: 22/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1985

ISBN: 9781616353612

Keywords: expenditure, programs, expenditures, expenditure policies, government expenditure

The analysis and adjustment of government expenditure in less developed countries is discussed. A better balance between supply and demand in the public sector can be achieved by raising budgetary revenues, or by c...

Next Steps for China

Next Steps for China »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2005

Volume/Issue: 42/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451953985

Keywords: monetary fund, website, inflation, press, facsimile

This paper explores why increased aid flows require economic policymakers to confront some specific issues. Ensuring that increased aid promotes growth and reduces poverty is certainly the most important task. Empi...

Technical Cooperation within the Third World

Technical Cooperation within the Third World »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

A Hard Look at Development Planning

A Hard Look at Development Planning »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1966

Volume/Issue: 3/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1966

ISBN: 9781616352820

Keywords: sid, political authorities, society for international development, political leaders

This paper discusses the study on development planning conducted by a small group within the World Bank. The study reveals that most countries not only encounter the same planning problems, they make the same mista...

Connecting Africa and Asia

Connecting Africa and Asia »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2007

Volume/Issue: 44/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451953824

Keywords: international monetary fund, gender, girls, gender equality, gender disparities

The June 2007 issue of F&D spotlights gender equality. The lead article discusses progress toward fulfilling the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) on redressing gender discrimination and empowering women and relate...

Mundell-Fleming Lecture: Exchange Rate Systems, Surveillance, and Advice

Mundell-Fleming Lecture: Exchange Rate Systems, Surveillance, and Advice »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 3

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2008

ISBN: 9781589067240

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, monetary fund, foreign exchange, inflation

This special issue on exchange rates is drawn from the Eighth Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference held at the International Monetary Fund in Washington in November 2007. The Mundell-Fleming Lecture by Stanley...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers »

Source: Network Effects of International Shocks and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2015/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Andrei Leonidov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513542928

Keywords: shocks, spillover, network, balance of payments, imports, import, trading partners, Neural Networks and Related Topics, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Open Economy Macroeconomics

This paper proposes a method for assessing international spillovers from nominal demand shocks. It quantifies the impact of a shock in one country on all other countries. The paper concludes that the network effect...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Côte d’Ivoire

Côte d’Ivoire »

Source: Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries: Decision Point Document

Volume/Issue: 2009/190

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451807950

Keywords: debt relief, debt service, debt sustainability

This paper examines Côte d'Ivoire's debt sustainability analysis undertaken in connection with the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The crisis years led to a substantial increase in poverty...