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The State of Tax Policy in the Central Asian and Transcaucasian Newly Independent States (NIS)

The State of Tax Policy in the Central Asian and Transcaucasian Newly Independent States (NIS) »

Source: The State of Tax Policy in the Central Asian and Transcaucasian Newly Independent States (NIS)

Volume/Issue: 1993/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , and Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

ISBN: 9781451970678

Keywords: tax reform, taxation, tax structures, tax structure, tax systems

Two possible tax policy strategies for the NIS are: (1) an optimal nondistortionary tax structure as a one-shot action; and (2) a structure with identifiable and clearly understood distortionary elements as a tempo...

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights »

Source: Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Volume/Issue: 2007/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stanley Watt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867251

Keywords: Firm Heterogeneity, Intellectual Property Rights, r &;amp; d, standard errors, equation, outlier, probability,

In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation of proprietary technology by domestic firms has become a deterrent for foreign investment. Different multinationals may view this deterrent dif...

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/294

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463904852

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, external debt, current account, central bank

The reports highlights that, even though the Russian economy has started reviving from the crisis, growth has been moderate and inflation high. Executive Directors have advised that the focus should be on reducing...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2007

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066786

Keywords: Exchange rates, foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, direct investment, forward exchange, foreign currencies, multiple currency practices, foreign investment, exchange control

(Position as of February 28, 2007) Status under IMF Articles of Agreement...

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR

PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA—HONG KONG SAR »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2007

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066786

Keywords: Exchange rates, foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, direct investment, forward exchange, foreign currencies, multiple currency practices, foreign investment, exchange control

(Position as of March 31, 2007) Status under IMF Articles of Agreement...