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Perception of the Nordic Countries
			: China survey

Perception of the Nordic Countries : China survey »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Patrick Spaven

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317719

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Globalization, Art and Culture, Chinese Market, Worlds Exposition, Quality of Life, Public Service

Increasing globalization is making the world smaller. The Nordic countries and their companies can benefit from this by exploring new markets. One of the most important markets to get established on is the Chinese,...

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors
			: The Power and Steel Sectors

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors : The Power and Steel Sectors »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Henrik Bergsager , and Anna Korppoo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325356

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Greenhouse Gas, State Owned Enterprises (SOEs), Electricity and Steel Sectors, Guanxi and Nomenklatura, Emission Growth, Political Leadership

A significant share of the greenhouse gas emitting activities of China is operated by state owned enterprises (SOEs). This report, written by Fridtjof Nansen Institute for the Nordic Council of Ministers, discusses...

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology »

Source: The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

Volume/Issue: 2013/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , Luis Catão , Luca Ricci , Rudolfs Bems , Mitali Das , Julian Di Giovanni , Filiz Unsal , Marola Castillo , Jungjin Lee , Jair Rodriguez , and Mauricio Vargas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484346686

Keywords: net foreign assets, current accounts, private credit, reserve currency, current account balances, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) methodology has been developed by the IMF's Research Department as a successor to the CGER methodology for assessing current accounts and exchange rates in a multilaterally con...

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation »

Source: Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation : A Geo-Political Model

Volume/Issue: 2008/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451868975

Keywords: Petroleum taxes, environmental externalities, Nash equilibrium, Stackelberg equilibrium, cap-and-trade schemes, exporter, exporters, petroleum consumption, carbon emissions,

We derive non-cooperative Nash equilibrium (NE) importer and exporter petroleum excise taxes given full within-group tax coordination, but no coordination between groups, assuming that importers do not produce and...

Côte d'Ivoire: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative

Côte d'Ivoire: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative »

Source: Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative: Completion Point Document and Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative; Press Release

Volume/Issue: 2012/170

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506266

Keywords: debt, external debt, debt relief, creditors, debt service

In April 2009, the Boards of Executive Directors of the International Development Association (IDA) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed that Côte d'Ivoire had met the requirements for reaching the deci...

IMF and World Bank Announce more than US$4 Billion in Debt Relief for Côte d’Ivoire

IMF and World Bank Announce more than US$4 Billion in Debt Relief for Côte d’Ivoire »

Source: Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative: Completion Point Document and Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative; Press Release

Volume/Issue: 2012/170

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506266

Keywords: debt, external debt, debt relief, creditors, debt service

In April 2009, the Boards of Executive Directors of the International Development Association (IDA) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed that Côte d'Ivoire had met the requirements for reaching the deci...

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes »

Source: A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

Volume/Issue: 1995/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nancy Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

ISBN: 9781451843613

Keywords: purchasing power parity, civil service

International comparison of economic aggregates, expressed in domestic currencies, requires their conversion into a common numeraire currency such as the U.S. dollar or the SDR. Since market (or official) exchange...

Recent Activity–International Monetary Fund

Recent Activity–International Monetary Fund »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

Picture this: Aiding Development: Tracking the Flows

Picture this: Aiding Development: Tracking the Flows »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2005

Volume/Issue: 42/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451953985

Keywords: monetary fund, website, inflation, press, facsimile

This paper explores why increased aid flows require economic policymakers to confront some specific issues. Ensuring that increased aid promotes growth and reduces poverty is certainly the most important task. Empi...

Inflation Targeting and the Crisis

Inflation Targeting and the Crisis »

Source: Inflation Targeting and the Crisis : An Empirical Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2010/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963045

Keywords: economic crisis, inflation, terms of trade, real interest rates, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Business Fluctuations, And Cycles, money And Interest Rates,

This paper appraises how countries with inflation targeting fared during the current crisis, with the goal of establishing the stylized facts that will guide and motivate future research. We find that since August...