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Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation »

Source: Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation : A Geo-Political Model

Volume/Issue: 2008/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451868975

Keywords: Petroleum taxes, environmental externalities, Nash equilibrium, Stackelberg equilibrium, cap-and-trade schemes, exporter, exporters, petroleum consumption, carbon emissions,

We derive non-cooperative Nash equilibrium (NE) importer and exporter petroleum excise taxes given full within-group tax coordination, but no coordination between groups, assuming that importers do not produce and...

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems »

Source: Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems

Volume/Issue: 2015/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Deniz Igan , and Zhibo Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513581262

Keywords: Financial development, Financial structure, credit growth, financial system, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Exploiting a granular panel dataset that breaks down capital inflows into FDI, portfolio and other categories, and distinguishes between credit to the household sector and to the corporate sector, we investigate th...

The Global Trade Slowdown

The Global Trade Slowdown »

Source: The Global Trade Slowdown : Cyclical or Structural?

Volume/Issue: 2015/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cristina Constantinescu , Aaditya Mattoo , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498399135

Keywords: Global Trade Slowdown, Trade Elasticity, trade, elasticity, gdp, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, General,

This paper focuses on the sluggish growth of world trade relative to income growth in recent years. The analysis uses an empirical strategy based on an error correction model to assess whether the global trade slow...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...

Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances

Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances »

Source: Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances : a View on The Eve of the Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2010/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , Natalia Tamirisa , and Francesco Strobbe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209576

Keywords: International financial integration, claims, fdi, portfolio investment, foreign exchange reserves,

We present a novel and comprehensive dataset of bilateral gross and net external positions in various financial instruments for the main advanced and emerging economies and regions, designed to improve our understa...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

Reaping the Benefits from Global Value Chains

Reaping the Benefits from Global Value Chains »

Source: Reaping the Benefits from Global Value Chains

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Cheng , Sidra Rehman , Dulani Seneviratne , and Shiny Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513516738

Keywords: Global Value Chains, GVC, Economic Complexity, Growth, value, trade, value added, development, General, Globalization: General,

Against the backdrop of the rise of global value chains (GVCs), particularly in Asia, this paper documents key developments of GVCs and investigates what factors cause economies to reap greater benefits from GVC pa...

Debt and Growth: Is There a Magic Threshold?1

Debt and Growth: Is There a Magic Threshold?1 »

Source: Debt and Growth : Is There a Magic Threshold?

Volume/Issue: 2014/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Pescatori , Damiano Sandri , and John Simon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2014

ISBN: 9781484306444

Keywords: growth, gdp growth, debt thresholds, debt ratio, growth rate, General,

Using a novel empirical approach and an extensive dataset developed by the Fiscal Affairs Department of the IMF, we find no evidence of any particular debt threshold above which medium-term growth prospects are dra...

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis »

Source: Global Imbalances and External Adjustment after the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2014/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Lane , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498339216

Keywords: Global crisis, Current account adjustment, current account, current account balance, current account balances,

This paper has two objectives. First, it reviews the recent dynamics of global imbalances (both 'flow' and 'stock' imbalances), with a special focus on the shifting position of Latin America in the global distribut...

How Much Do Trading Partners Matter for Economic Growth?

How Much Do Trading Partners Matter for Economic Growth? »

Source: How Much Do Trading Partners Matter for Economic Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2004/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2004

ISBN: 9781451844412

Keywords: trading partners, trading partner, trade share, open economies, partner countries, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper empirically examines the extent to which a country's economic growth is influenced by its trading partner economies. Panel estimation results based on four decades of data for over 100 countries show tha...