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Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil: Policy Adjustment in Oil-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil: Policy Adjustment in Oil-Exporting Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Learning to Live with Cheaper Oil : Policy Adjustment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Martin Sommer , Allan Auclair , Armand Fouejieu , Inutu Lukonga , Saad Quayyum , Amir Sadeghi , Gazi Shbaikat , Andrew Tiffin , and Bruno Versailles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781513520483

Keywords: Oil, Oil exporting countries, Oil exports, Oil prices, Oil producing countries, Oil product prices, Oil revenues, exporters, exchange rate, liquidity

This paper discusses the challenges posed by low oil prices in the MENA and CCA regions, the adjustment policies adopted so far, and remaining adjustment needs and future risks....

A Rebalancing Act for China and Africa: The Effects of China’s Rebalancing on Sub-Saharan Africa’s Trade and Growth

A Rebalancing Act for China and Africa: The Effects of China’s Rebalancing on Sub-Saharan Africa’s Trade and Growth »

Source: A Rebalancing Act for China and Africa : The Effects of China's Rebalancing on Sub-Saharan Africa's Trade and Growth

Volume: 17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583434

Keywords: Economic growth, Trade, Trade policy, Trade relations, China, growth, sub-Saharan Africa, trade channel, Africa Rising

How does China's new growth model affect sub-Saharan Africa? To address this question, this paper first looks at the growing ties between China and Africa; attempts to estimate more precisely the impact on growth t...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia : Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration

Volume/Issue: 2018/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Phil De Imus , Edward Gemayel , Risto Herrala , Alexei Kireyev , and Farid Talishli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484358177

Keywords: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic integration, Economic integration, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Tajikistan, Trade liberalization

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries are at an important juncture in their economic transition. Following significant economic progress during the 2000s, recent external shocks have revealed the underlying...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Source: Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade

Chapter 2. The Evolving Structure of Global Trade »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

A. The Diffusion of Key Players in Global Trade Emerging market economies have moved from peripheral players to major centers of global trade. Figure 2 shows the evolution of key pla...